1788 - 1868 (80 years)
||Henry Ducie Chads |
||24 Feb 1788
||19 Mar 1788
||St Marylebone, Westminster, London
Henry Ducie Chads
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For his son, see Henry Chads.
Sir Henry Ducie Chads
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Commands held HMS Andromache
Battles/wars War of 1812
First Anglo-Burmese War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Admiral Sir Henry Ducie Chads, GCB (1788?1868) was an officer in the Royal Navy who saw action from the Napoleonic Wars to the Crimean War.
He entered the Royal Naval Academy at 12 years of age, and in 1803 embarked aboard the 74-gun ship of the line HMS Excellent, sharing in the defence of Gaeta and the capture of Capri. In July 1808, he joined the 36-gun frigate HMS Iphigenia and during the Mauritius campaign distinguished himself at the occupation of the Īle de la Passe, gateway to the Isle de France (now Mauritius). On the defeat of the British squadron by the French, he was made prisoner, but was rescued from captivity when the British captured Mauritius, and re-appointed first lieutenant of Iphigenia.
In December 1812, as senior Lieutenant of the frigate HMS Java, he distinguished himself in the battle between that ship and the American frigate Constitution. Captain Lambert having been mortally wounded, Chads (himself severely wounded) continued the struggle, until compelled to surrender after nearly four hours' fighting. This action secured promotion and the command of the sloop Columbia. Chads afterwards served at Guadaloupe in 1815. In 1823, he was prominent in the expedition against Rangoon, as a result of which he was made post-captain on 25 July 1825, created a Companion of the Bath, and received the thanks of the Government of India, and praise in the British House of Commons. He was next engaged in forcing the passage of the Bocca Tigris, September 1834, commanding HMS Andromache from 1834 to 1837.
In 1841-5 he was on the Chinese station in command of HMS Cambrian(fr), and then commanded the Royal Navy?s gunnery school HMS Excellent. Chads reformed the whole system of naval gunnery, both as regards weight of metal and rapidity of fire. He was promoted to rear-admiral on 12 January 1854 and, flying his flag in HMS Edinburgh, was third in command of the fleet sent to the Baltic under Sir Charles Napier, who claimed that Chads ?knew more about gunnery than any man in the service'. He was one of the leaders in the bombardment and capture of the fortress of Bomarsund. He struck his flag in 1855, and as a reward for his services was created a Knight Commander of the Bath. From 1856 to the end of 1858, he held the command-in-chief in Ireland, being promoted to vice-admiral on 24 November 1858, and then to full admiral on 3 December 1863. In 1865 was created Knight Grand Cross of the Bath and received the Admiral's good service pension.
Chads makes a brief appearance, in his heroic role as First Lieutenant of the Java, in the novel The Fortune of War by Patrick O'Brian.
Leslie Stephen, ed. (1887). "Chads, Henry Ducie". Dictionary of National Biography 09. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
||7 Apr 1868
||18 May 1868
|CHADS, Sir Henry Ducie G.C.B. 18 May 1868 Effects under 9,000 pounds.|
The Will with 2 Codicils of Sir Henry Ducie Chads late of Southsea in the Parish of Portsea in the County of Southampton G.C.B. an Admiral in the Royal Navy deceased who died 7 April 1868 at Southsea aforesaid was proved at Winchester by the oaths of Henry Chads of Southsea aforesaid a Rear Admiral in the Royal Navy the Son and John Gustavus Harrison of Southsea aforesaid a Commander in the Royal Navy two of the Executors.
||13 Jul 2013 |
||Elizabeth Townsend Pook, d. 1861, Portsea, Hampshire. |
| ||1. Henry Chads, b. 1819, Fareham, Hampshire , d. 29 Jun 1906, Southsea, Hampshire (Age 87 years)|
| ||2. Elizabeth Henrietta Chads, b. 1821, Fareham, Hampshire, England , d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Caroline Frances Chads, b. 1825, Fareham, Hampshire, England , d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||4. John Hanbury Chads, b. circa 1832, d. 10 Oct 1916, 'Woodlands' England (Age ~ 84 years)|
| ||5. Laura Chads, b. 1827, Fareham, Hampshire, England , d. Yes, date unknown|
||13 Jul 2013 |