Hector Frederik Janson Estrup

Male 1794 - 1846  (52 years)

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  • Name Hector Frederik Janson Estrup 
    Born 5 Jan 1794  Randers Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Randers, Støvring, Randers Købstad, Randers Købstad, , 678, FT-1801, B9189
      Peder Estrup, 45, Gift, Husbonde, Magister og rector
      Giedske Chatrine Jungersen, 44, Gift, Hans Kone
      Magdalene Chatrina Estrup, 15, Ugift, Deres barn
      Juditte Petrine Estrup, 12, Deres barn
      Christen Estrup, 10, Deres barn
      Hector Fridrich Estrup, 8, Deres barn
      (Dansk Demografisk Database-Rigsarkivet- Folketællinger)

      Holbæk, Merløse, Undløse, Kongsdals Hovedgaard, Kongsdals Hovedgaard, 1, FT-1840, C3098
      Hector Fred: Jensen Estrup, 47, Gift, Etatsraad, Doctor i Philosophien, Ridder af Dannebrog og Eier af Kongsdal Gaard og Gods
      Anna Christine Scavenius, 42, Gift, Hans Kone
      Arentine Christine Estrup, 44, Ugift, Hans Søster, værende hos ham
      Peder Estrup, 17, Ugift, Hans Sønner
      Jacob Brønnum Estrup, 15, Ugift, Hans Sønner
      Lauritz Carl Estrup, 14, Ugift, Hans Brodersøn, værende hos ham
      (Dansk Demografisk Database-Rigsarkivet- Folketællinger)

      Holbæk, Merløse, Undløse, Kongsdal, Hovedgaard, 1, FT-1845, C3176
      H. F. J. Estrup, 52, Gift, Etatsraad, Godsejer, Fødested, Randers
      Anna Ch. Estrup, 47, Gift, Hans kone, Fødested, København
      Arenline K. Estrup, 49, Ugift, tatraad Estrups søster, Fødested, Randers
      Peder Estrup, 22, Ugift, Etatraad Estrups søn,Cand. phil, Fødested, Sorø
      (Dansk Demografisk Database-Rigsarkivet- Folketællinger)

      Hector Frederik Jansen Estrup
      historian, rector of Sorø, state councilor.
      Hector Frederik Janson Estrup
      Danish politician

      Hector Frederik Janson Estrup ( 5 January 1794 in Randers - 29 December 1846 in Kongsdal in Undløse ) was a Danish historian .
      Upbringing and education
      HFJ Estrup was the son of the schoolman, Master Peder Estrup . Hector Estrup became, at the age of 10, a pupil in the learned school, and the awake, lively boy with the bright, curly locks excelled in excellent ease, diligence and interests, just as he early developed his own ease in socializing. He was not yet 17 years old when he graduated from the University of Copenhagen ( 1810 ). Already from his student years, Estrup was strongly influenced by his brother-in-law, the historian Professor Laurids Engelstoft ; although he took theological degree with distinction ( 1815) and also later intended to seek clerical activity, a strong inclination drove him towards the scientific trajectory and especially the historical studies. As early as 1814 he had won the university's gold medal for a treatise on slavery among the ancient Scandinavians, and in 1817 he defended his doctoral dissertation on the figure of the hierarchy in Denmark in the 13th century , especially illuminated by Cardinal Wilhelm of Sabina's mission.

      Travel abroad

      Estrup now went abroad with public support and with private help - in his home there were still cramped conditions - and everywhere he traveled during the 3 years of travel ( 1817 - 20 ), he showed a peculiar desire and ability to tackle real assignments, whereas he seems to have applied less to universities and lectures. In Dresden , Vienna and Venice he studied in the archives and became many unknown documents and information vár. In the area of Verona he conducted research on probable descendants of the ancient Cimbrians , in Rome's manuscript collections he looked for letters concerning the Nordic church history, and he drew on the basis of old maps a treatise on the topography of Carthage .

      But everywhere he also enjoyed the beauty of nature and art and, through his cheerful, natural appearance, made friends with himself. He was an attentive observer of the spiritual movements and gave announcements about ecclesiastical matters in Switzerland and in France , to which countries he went after a year's stay in Italy . In Paris he wrote his written Notes on a journey in Normandy in the autumn of 1819 (published in 1821 ) and collected by French legationsberetninger information about France's relations with the North in the past 166 3- 89 . Not many historians brought home from their educational journey as systematically collected fruits as Estrup.

      The extent to which Estrup, however, had at the same time acquired an overview and maturity, he was given the opportunity to prove by his teaching at Borgerdydskolen in Copenhagen , by lectures at the University, by various soon after published writings and among other things by the textbook in ordinary world history , for which he then laid the foundation, and which was published in 1826 , one of the most well-thought-out and most thought-provoking Danish historical textbooks of the time, well known for its clarity and sure view of the main points.

      Sorø Academy

      On 23 July 1822, he was appointed associate professor of geography , history and statistics at Sorø Academy . Both as a teacher for the students and as an associate professor for the academics, he brought excellent qualities to the day, and when the post of director became vacant, he was appointed in 1830 as and in 1831 appointed director of the Academy and the school.

      It was a difficult and burdensome administrative post, he thus took over. He had been a good colleague and became a benevolent superior for the academy's teachers, but the mix of educational institution and school that was present here was both malicious and unsatisfactory, the academy had little access to students, and the considerable financial means and good teachers seemed to be able to work for a greater purpose and lead to a more satisfactory result.

      Estrup had many plans for a transformation of the academy, thus for a real institute and a real academy's connection with the school, for the organization of a cameralist study, but none of his plans were approved by the superiors, and even by the arrangement of the existing institution's conditions he believed that meet resistance. He was too inclined to hurry forward and desire quick results, he lost too easily the courage during adversity and did not always possess sufficient hardness, while on the other hand he could sometimes seem somewhat restrained; moreover, his health had been attacked several times. Thus, there was much that had to encourage him to leave this position, which his favorable fortunes could not make him worry about either.

      Landowner and politician

      Estrup had married Jacobine Scavenius (born 1800 ) in 1822 , a daughter of state councilor Jacob Brønnum Scavenius to Gjorslev , and had become wealthy by this marriage. After his wife had been attacked by breast disease, in the autumn of 1828 Estrup had accompanied her to the south of France and Italy; she died in Milan (1829). 4 years later he married her sister Anna Christine Scavenius.
      Scavenius' Foundation which Estrup established as a widow's seat.

      Estrup had already prepared to resign from his office when he bought the manor Kongsdal (formerly Tygestrup) near Sorø in 1835 ; he was dismissed on application in January 1837 and appointed real councilor. As a landowner, he worked not only for an improved operation of the main farm and the uptake of new land for cultivation, but also for the well-being of his peasants. He had the hoverie replaced and a definite operating plan introduced on the farms, he improved the conditions of the peasants, founded a parish library, a handicraft school and a widow's seat for clergy and schoolteachers, whereas he could not persuade the peasants to turn their heirlooms into heirs.

      In 1840, Estrup was elected deputy of the estates and worked diligently in the committees of the Roskilde Estates Assembly. In writings and dissertations he spoke on the burning social issues of the time; he could not regard private property and the freest subdivision as unconditional gain, and was against usury laws and against ordinary conscription; with zeal he fought for a better agricultural education. Still, however, his business was paralyzed by a pervasive chest disease, and he had to relinquish his vocation as estate deputy in 1844 . He finally succumbed to the disease in 1846.

      In his first marriage, in addition to a son who died a year after him, he had a son, Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup , the later president of the council ; in his 2nd marriage he had no children.

      Estrup as a historian

      His Danish nationalism and conservatism led him, earlier than any other Danish historian, to present Denmark's law to the Duchy of Schleswig and to clarify the difficult constitutional issues ( On the Inseparability of Schleswig and Holstein after the Insurance Acts of 1460 , 1832). Cautiously but still more resolutely, he sought to urge the government to take timely action against the waking Schleswig-Holstein independence movement. The same feeling led him and his wife (1843) to establish a scholarship for a docent in Schleswig law at the university with the intention of attracting South Jutland students to Copenhagen. By much charity in silence and by several scholarships (for widows after teachers at Sorø Academy and for Randers School 1833, for Valkendorfs Kollegium1836) he showed his great desire to benefit the fatherland.
      The warm feeling for right and wrong, seen in the views and conditions of the unequal ages, made him step up against many unjust judgments, thus over the medieval monastic system, over the nobility's relationship to the peasantry ( Tygestrup, as it was, and as it is, a historical -statistisk Beskrivning , 1838; Om Livsfæste i Danmark , 1842). But when Estrup thought to see unfortunate remains from the conditions of the past, he was not afraid to break the staff over them, as happened in his book The Danish Majorities, a Historical-Political Consideration (1845), in which he proved the unfortunate, both for the country and for the families, in counties and fideicommissions, of which therefore no new ones should be created; these statements many of his classmates took him badly.
      The subjects he chose were very different and concerned just as often with classical antiquity (thus his treatise on the fragments of Sanchuniathon , on King Cleomenes III , the Macarean Islands and Elisha), as the Middle Ages and more recent times ( Absalon as Hero , Statesman and Bishop , 1826, Battle of Lüttich against the Duke of Burgundy , The Principle of Equality at the Reichstag in Copenhagen 1660 ). Estrup was perhaps most attracted by studies in which geographical, ethnographic or statistical elements play a role, and he sought out the dormant conditions with preference rather than events. His widow (died 1882) arranged his complete writings published in 3 volumes 1851 .
      Estrup had in 1824 been admitted as a member of the Royal Danish Society for the History of the Fatherland , 1833 in the Society of Sciences .
      Estrup's Samlede Skrifter , I.
      Thomas Hansen Erslew , Ordinary Author Lexicon for the Kingdom of Denmark with accompanying Bilande from 1814 .
      Joh. Steenstrup, Historieskrivningen i Danmark i det 19. Aarhundrede .
    Gender Male 
    Died 29 Dec 1846  Kongsdal, Undløse, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I17479  Hickey, List, Bundesen, Thomsen, Jensen, Jessen
    Last Modified 20 Apr 2021 

    Father Peder Estrup,   b. 6 Oct 1756, Nibe, Aalborg Amt, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Dec 1818, Sankt Mortens, Randers, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Mother Gedske Cathrine Jungersen,   c. 9 Mar 1757, Gøl,Hjørring, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Mar 1830, Randers, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 73 years) 
    Married 31 Aug 1785  Ålborg , Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F6264  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Jacobine Scavenius 
     1. Peder Estrup,   b. Abt 1823, Undløse, Holbæk, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup,   b. 16 Apr 1825, Sorø Kommune, Sjælland, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Dec 1913, Undlose, Holbæk Kommune, Sjælland, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 88 years)
    Last Modified 20 Apr 2021 
    Family ID F6265  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Anna Christine Scavenius 
    Last Modified 20 Apr 2021 
    Family ID F6280  Group Sheet

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