1774 - 1851 (76 years)
||Laurits Engelstoft |
||2 Dec 1774
||Gislum Vicarage, Gislum Sogn, Aalborg Amt, Denmark
- Aalborg, Slet, Næsborg, Nesborg Bye, , 1, FT-1787, A4598
Christian Engeltofft, 54, Gift, hosbonde, sognepræst
Eleenora Hedevig Lille Lund, 47, Gift, hans kone
Lauridtz Engeltofft, 13, deres søn
Ingeborg Marie Engeltofft, 11, deres datter
(Dansk Demografisk Database-Rigsarkivet- Folketællinger)
Prof. Storkorsridder af Dannebrog
Denmark Census 1801
København (Staden), Vester Kvarter
Lauritz Engelstoft, 26, occupation, Doctor Phil.
Dansk Demografisk Database-Rigsarkivet- Folketællinger
København, København (Staden), Vester Kvarter, Frederiksberggaden/Mikkel Bryggers Gade, Gaarden nr. 13, 2. Sal, 13 F5, FT-1840, C9481
Lauritz Engelstoft, 66, Gift, Conferentsraad og Professor ved Kbhvns Universitet
Magdalene Cathrine Engelstoft født Estrup, 53, Gift, hans Kone
Dansk Demografisk Database-Rigsarkivet- Folketællinger
København, København (Staden), Vester Kvarter, Vester Kvarter, Frederiksberggade no.13, ?? sal, 65, FT-1850, C1886
Lauritz Engelstoft, 75, Gift, conferentr. ?? professor wed Universitetet, huusfader, Fødested, Gislum Sogn, Aalborg Amt
Lene Catrine Engelstoft, 62, Gift, hans kone, Fødested, Kjøbh.
Dansk Demografisk Database-Rigsarkivet- Folketællinger
Danish Biographical Lexicon History Historians
The 3rd edition of Dansk Biografisk Leksikons was published in 16 volumes in the period 1979-84 with Svend Cedergreen Bech as editor. Nearly 1,000 biographies were updated in 2014-16. The content has not been edited since. Newer articles can be found in Den Store Danske .
Laurits Engelstoft, Lars Engelstoft, 2.12.1774-14.3.1851, historian. Born in Gislum, died in Copenhagen. (Step.), Buried sst. (Ass.). The father gave E. the first teaching and also the foundation of his knowledge in the classical subjects to which both father and son felt strongly drawn. Fifteen years old, he came to Randers school and after only a year and a half of teaching could retire to the university in 1791. Here he took the EI and the 2nd exam and in 1796 the theological official exam. He was immediately offered a priestly vocation, but decided on the scientific path that he, with his ability to acquire, his clear overview and his desire to study, had to feel self-written for. With his friend Børge Thorlacius he had conducted joint studies, and both were preoccupied with answering the university's prize assignments, and in 1797 they were both awarded gold medals - E. for a historical dissertation printed in 1799,Attempts at a Depiction of the Quinde Sex's Domestic and Bourgeois Kaar with the Scandinavians before the Introduction of Christianity. As late as 1797 he defended his doctoral dissertation with Hieronymus Slridonensi. Symbola ad hisloriam seculi quarli ecclesiasticam der won much recognition. With public support, Thorlacius and E. were able to go abroad where, after a long stay in Göttingen and visits to other German cities, they traveled across the Netherlands and Belgium to France.
The stay here was of crucial importance to E. as a historian and to his personal development. The two friends arrived in Paris just as the Second Coalition War broke out, and when Bonaparte after his coup 18. brumaire (9.11.) N.å. gave his famous speech to the assembly of the 500, E. was present and had to flee the window during the riot. At the same time as he was a spectator to the political upheavals, and took part in the city's social and aesthetic life, he studied diligently in the libraries, attended lectures on the natural sciences and participated in a botanical excursion to the Pyrenees with Danish scientists. Es' spirit direction was given a mark here which was not later lost, and all thought of future priestly activity was abandoned. Returning from France in the summer of 1800, he published the treatise begun in ParisPhilip August and Ingeborg, 1801 who, like their previous work, testify at once to in-depth studies and rare production ability. E. was appointed n.å. to assistant professor of history and geography at the university, 1803 to professor extraordn. It was not until 1805 that he obtained a salary, and until then had to work as a teacher at the Schouboeske Institute and as a secretary at the Royal library.
E. was a spirited and appealing lecturer who gathered around the main points of his subject. He favored historical parallels, hovering over the material, and casually thinking about possible interpretations, and the audience could sometimes miss the deeper penetration acquired through thorough study. As a university teacher, from 1817 as professor ord., E. endeavored to get close to the students, and his home was open to many of these. A fee of 600 rdl. For a university program he gave to a book scholarship for students, and in 1830 Icelandic students who he took special care of his portrait had engraved in copper at CW Eckersberg
At the establishment of the board of directors of the university and the learned schools, E. became its secretary. For this task he possessed great manpower, extensive knowledge and desire for practical administrative business. In 1812 he became an assessor in the board of directors, and in 1817-32 and again in 1840-48 a member of it. The publication of Universitets- og Skole- Annaler , 1806-13, testifies to his efforts and zeal , where he sought to extract everything useful about the university and the learned schools at home, their history, current business and the results of the teaching. The question of upbringing had always interested E., most of all its relation to the character of the people, and in Thoughts on the National Upbringing , regarded as the most effective means of promoting almeenaand and patriotism,In 1808, he developed how the young man should be brought up to feel like the son of the country, as heir to a great past. Knowledge of his country therefore had to be set high, and the upbringing should be military with the training of body and spirit in full harmony. E. has a share in the reforms carried out in his time for the university and the higher schools, and his workforce as a whole was often used for administrative purposes, thus at the Norwegian University Commission immediately before the separation between the two countries and later, from 1822, at the restoration of Sorø Academy.
These activities contributed greatly to the fact that Es' historical writing did not acquire a large scope and in part quite a scattered character, often caused by archival finds or the desire to illuminate the contemporary situation through historical parallels. On defense issues trades Kjøbenhavns position and hazards in the summer of 1700 , 1804 Something about Defense-Asylums in Sielland in Calmar-war , in 1808, and the two large, both in form and content excellent essays, glance at Forsvarsvæsenets Constitution and state of the Byzantine Empire under Emperor Justinian the First , 1815, and Vienna's Siege of the Turks 1683 , 1817, as well as several minor contributions. E. has written a lot about the older conditions of the university and schools, andExcerpts from Provost Jørgen Sorterup's Præstigiæ oeconomiæ ruralis , 1805, and On Christian IV's failed attempt to abolish the Vornedskabet in the year 1634 , 1813, report on the conditions of the peasantry. Especially in the early contributions, there are often strong aristocratic expressions that point back to the attitudes of the 1790s. E. was early tired as a writer, and from his later years can only be mentioned a review of JF Schlegels: Denmark and the Duchy of State, and sm EC Werlauff Udsigt over Kjøbenhavns Universitetsbygnings Historie , 1836. After Es' death, Samfundet published for the promotion of Danish literature Selection of ScripturesI-III, 1859-62. The great western historians were Es' role model, and he strived for in the smaller framework his writing unfolded to achieve what characterized the 18th century great historians such as Montesquieu, Gibbon and others. History was for E. a doctrine of wisdom in examples (CF Wegenersassessment), and this was not least reflected in his teaching. As a university teacher, he was, as mentioned above, significant, accommodating and helpful to students and younger colleagues and also a lecturer admired by his contemporaries. Beyond the 18th century, E. did not come, neither in views in general nor more specifically in historical method. His warm patriotism there i.a. entailed interest in the fate of the Danish nationality in Schleswig also built on an older foundation than that which prevailed in Es in later years. While younger contemporaries picked up their role models in Germany, E. was unchanged by the strong influence of his youth on French (and English) history and philosophy. In his recent years, he came in a certain contrast to the direction that historical research and writing in Denmark had taken. In 1845, E.as the university senior exempted from giving lectures, in 1848 he resigned from the university board. In 1812 he had become a member of the Society of Sciences, n.å. of Danish company whose superintendent he was from 1829 until his death, and on whose business he exercised a considerable influence. - Justitsråd 1811. Konferensråd 1836. Ordenshistoriograf s.å.
Parents: parish priest in Gislum, later provost and parish priest in Næsborg Christen E. (1734-1803) and Eleonore Hedevig Lillelund (1742-1818). Married 8.11.1805 in Randers to Magdalene (Lene) Cathrine Estrup, born 6.9.1786 in Kbh. (Helligg.), Died 6.6.1878 sst. (Trin.), D. Of magister, hearer, later rector and parish priest Peder E. (1756-1818) and Gedske C. Jungersen (1757-1830). - Uncle and adoptive father of CTE
R. 1824. DM. 1829. K. 1840. SK 1848.
Silhouette 1798. Engraving of Chrétien by character. by Fouquet. Sign. by FL Storch, 1829 (Fr.borg), stitched by E. Eckersberg, 1830. Pictured on JV Gertner's picture from the anointing 1840 (Rosenborg). Goal. of the same, 1846 (Fr.borg), small sign. by mal. (Kgl.bibl.), Repetition of this in characters. 1848 (Fr.borg) and lithographed by IW Tegner, 1848.
Sources. Read diary entries. in Danish collection. III, 1867-68 97-192. Records, and letters in Hist.t. 2.r.IV, Kria. 1884 314-41. Travel observations in Saml. to Jutland hist. and top. 3.r.VI, 1908 21-60 and in Fra Fr.borg amt, 1961. Danske mag. 7.r.IV, 1943-48 87-92 102-26 (letters from CF Wegener).
Lit. CF Wegener: Biogr. antegn, over LE, 1852. Jons. Steenstrup: Historieskrivn. i Danm. in the 19th century, 1889 112-21. EC Werlauff: Erindr. of my life, 1910 (fot.optr. 1968) = Memoirs and letters XIII. Vedel Simonsen and EC Werlauff in Fra Fyens fortid II, 1916. PK Thorsen: Afhandl, og breve III, 1930. Ellen Jørgensen: Historiens studium i Danm. in the 19th century, 1943 (fot.optr. 1964). Bj. Kornerup: The Royal as. company. for the history of the fatherland, 1945 44 46 51-54 57 60-62. Olaf Olsen: In the footsteps of Jacob Madsen. Bishop CTE's Funen Church Descriptions, 1970.
Papers in Kgl.bibl. and Rigsark. Letters and diary entries. i Kgl.bibl.
Written by: Claus Bjørn Johannes Steenstrup
||14 Mar 1851
||Frederiksberggade 13, Trinitatis Sogn, København, Denmark
- Trinitatis Sogn
Death no 106
Laurits Englestoft, Conferentsraad, Prof.Str. af Dannebrog Frederiksberggade 13. 76 years
(Storkorsridder af Dannebrog )
Grand Crusader of Dannebrog (Google translation)
||20 Mar 1851
||Assistens Kirkegård, København
||Hickey, List, Bundesen, Thomsen, Jensen, Jessen
||6 Apr 2021 |
Laurids Engelstoft malet af J.V. Gertner.
Portrætsamlingen på Frederiksborg Slot.
Laurids Engelstoft (born 2 December 1774 in Gislum vicarage, died 14 March 1851 ) was a Danish historian who also participated in the administration of the Danish university and school system.
He was the son of the priest Christian Engelstoft, who taught him until he was 15 years old. In 1796 he received a degree in theology from the University of Copenhagen . But instead of becoming a priest, he continued his studies and received his philosophical doctorate in 1797. Together with Thorlacius , he received a scholarship for a study trip abroad. He lived for a year and a half in France .
In 1802 he was appointed assistant professor of history and geography at the University of Copenhagen, and the following year as extraordinary professor. In 1805 he became secretary of the "Directorate of the University and the Scholarly Schools", where he came to carry out extensive work until 1848, from 1812 as an assessor . He contributed to the reforms in Denmark's university and school system during these years.
In 1811 he was elected secretary of the commission that would carry out the approved establishment of a new university in Christiania. Later he followed the Norwegian university's development with interest from Denmark. He also worked for the restoration of Sorø Academy .
Autorités BnF , data.bnf.fr , visited 10 October 2015
Engelstoft, Laurids », in Dansk biografisk Lexikon
Painting from Wikipedia