Biskop Hans  Tausen

Biskop Hans Tausen

Male 1494 - 1561  (67 years)

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  • Name Hans Tausen 
    Title Biskop 
    Born 1494  Birkende, Fyn Island, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Almost nothing is known about Hans Tausen's childhood and youth. Two years of birth are known, both uncertain, 1494 after the epitaph in Ribe Cathedral, and 1498 after a late 16th century account. When it is told that he was the son of a farmer or a blacksmith and that he ran away from home, these are legends which have no basis in the sources. The family name and the fact that Hans Tausen became a monk in a rich monastery indicate that the family belonged to the lava part. Tausen was then to be a family name on the part of the mother, which is supported by a source from the time, where Hans Tausen is referred to as Hans Markvadsen, which is why his father should have been named Markvad (Markus); however, there may also be a definite error in this source. It is believed that he went to the learned schools in Odense and in Slagelse. At one point he became a monk in the Johanniterklosteret in Antvorskov near Slagelse,and from there, in 1516, he was sent to the University of Rostock to study. Here he received the 1517 baccalaureate degree and the 1519 master's degree. In 1520 he is referred to by the title 'Dominus', which probably means that at that time he had been ordained a priest. That same year he lectured in Rostock on a Latin translation of a then-presumed Aristotle text.
      Source: wikipedia.org

      Hans Tausen (Tavsen) (1494-11 November 1561) was the leading Lutheran theologian of the Danish Reformation in Denmark. He served as Bishop of Ribe and published the first translation of the Pentateuch into Danish in 1535

      Hans Tausen was born at Birkende on Funen in Denmark. Very little is known about his childhood and youth, but apparently he was a pupil at the grammar schools at Odense and Slagelse, finally settling down as a friar in the monastery of the Order of Saint John of Antvorskov near Slagelse. After studying at Rostock, where he got the degree of a master of arts and also after being ordained as a priest, he studied for a short time at the University of Copenhagen, and was then again sent abroad by his prior, visiting, among other places, the newly founded University of Leuven in Belgium and making the acquaintance of the Dutch humanists. He was already a good linguist, understanding both Latin and Hebrew. Subsequently, he translated the books of Moses from the original

      Career
      In May 1523 Tausen went to Wittenberg, where he met Martin Luther and studied for a year and a half, when he was recalled to Antvorskov. In consequence of his professed attachment to the doctrines of Martin Luther he was transferred, in the spring of 1525, to the monastery of the Order of Saint John at Viborg in Jutland, where he continued to preach the Lutheran belief, and eventually was allowed to use the pulpit of the Saint Johns Church. Tausen's preaching was so revolutionary that he no longer felt safe within the Order of Saint John, so he discarded his religious habit and placed himself under the protection of the burgesses of Viborg. At first he preached in the parish church of St John, but this soon growing too small for him he addressed the people in the market-place from the church tower. When the Franciscans refused to allow him to preach in their large church, the mob broke in by force. A compromise was at last arranged, whereby the friars were to preach in the forenoon and Tausen in the afternoon. The bishop sent armed men to the church to arrest Tausen, but the burghers, who had brought their weapons with them, drove back the bishop's men. In October 1526 King Frederick I, during his visit to Aalborg, took Hans Tausen under his protection, appointed him one of his chaplains, and charged him to continue for a time to preach the Holy Gospel to the citizens of Viborg, who were to be responsible for his safety, thus identifying himself with the new doctrines in direct contravention of the plain letter of his coronation oath

      Tausen found a fellow-worker and reformer in Jørgen Sadolin(c. 1490? 1559), whose sister, Dorothea Jensdatter Sadolin (c. 1510-1537), he married, to the great scandal of the Roman Catholics. He was the first Danish priest to take a wife. He was also the first of the reformers who used the Danish language instead of Latin in the church services, the Even song he introduced at Viborg being of great beauty. Tausen was certainly the most practically gifted of all the new native teachers. But he was stronger as a preacher and an agitator than as a writer, the pamphlets which he now issued from the press of the German printer Hans Vingaard, who settled down at Viborg, being little more than adaptations of Luther's Opuscula. He continued to preach in the church of the Franciscan monastery, while Sadolin, whom he had consecrated a priest, officiated at the church of the Dominicans, who had already fled from the town. The Franciscans only yielded to violence persistently applied by the soldiers whom their opponents quartered upon them.

      In 1529 Tausen's mission at Viborg came to an end. King Frederick now recommended him to Copenhagen to preach at the church of St Nicholas, but here he found an able and intrepid opponent in Bishop Rønne. Serious disturbances thereupon ensued; and the Protestants, getting the worst of the argument, silenced their gainsayers by insulting the bishops and priests in the streets and profaning and devastating the Catholic churches. A Herredag, or Assembly of Nobles, was held at Copenhagen on 2 July 1530, ostensibly to mediate between the two conflicting confessions, but the king, from policy, and the nobility, from covetousness of the estates of the prelates, made no attempt to prevent the excesses of the Protestant rabble, openly encouraged by Tausen. On the other hand, the preachers failed to obtain the repeal of the Odense recess of 1527 which had subjected them to the spiritual jurisdiction of the prelates. On the death of King Frederick, Tausen, at the instance of Rønne, was, at the Herredag of 1533, convicted of blasphemy and condemned to expulsion from the diocese of Sjælland, whereupon the mob rose in arms against the bishop, who would have been murdered but for the intervention of Tausen, who conducted him home in safety. Rønne thereupon, from gratitude, permitted Tausen to preach in all his churches on condition that he moderated his tone. On the final triumph of the Reformation Tausen was appointed Bishop of Ribe (1542), an office he held for twenty years.

      A statue of Hans Tausen is located at the Ribe Cathedral in Viborg. A modern monument in memory of Hans Tausen was put up in 2004, the 475th year of the reformation of the town of Viborg. The monument was made by the Danish artist Bjørn Nørgaard.

      his article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Tausen, Hans". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Tausen, Hans The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)
      (Wikipedia)

      Hans Tausen
      Two marriages

      1. Dorthea Jensdatter Sadolin
      Dorthea Jensdatter Sadolin døde omkring 1537 i København

      2. Anna Andersdatter, marriage,1538
      Anna Andersdatter døde den 20-8-1570 i Ribe by i Ribe amt

      The Reformation in Denmark?Norway and Holstein was the transition from Catholicism to Lutheranism in the realms ruled by the Danish-based House of Oldenburg in the first half of the sixteenth century. After the break-up of the Kalmar Union in 1521/1523, these realms included the kingdoms of Denmark (with the former east Danish provinces in Skåneland) and Norway (with Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands) and the Duchies of Schleswig (a Danish fief) and Holstein (a German fief), whereby Denmark also extended over today's Gotland (now part of Sweden) and Øsel in Estonia.

      Already in 1525, Hans Tausen, a Knights Hospitaller from the monastery of Antvorskov, had begun preaching Lutheran doctrines in Viborg. In the years hereafter, the Lutheran movement began spreading throughout the country, and although King Frederick I had pledged in his håndfæstning ('charter') to fight against Lutheranism, he nevertheless issued an edict to the citizens of Viborg in 1526, obliging them to protect Hans Tausen

      Encyclopaedia Britannica

      Hans Tausen
      Danish religious reformer
      Hans Tausen, (born 1494, Birkende, Island of Fyn, Den.?died Nov. 11, 1561, Ribe), religious Reformer known as "the Danish Luther" for his major role in bringing the Reformation to Denmark.

      Originally a Roman Catholic, Tausen became a monk in the order of Knights Hospitalers at Antvorskov, near Slagelse, and studied and taught (1516?21) at Rostock and at Copenhagen (1521?22). At the Catholic University of Leuven (Louvain) in 1522, he encountered Flemish humanism and became a language scholar, acquiring a knowledge of both Greek and Hebrew.

      The next year Tausen went to Wittenberg, where he studied under Luther. His superiors recalled him to Denmark in 1525 because of his growing sympathy with the Reformation, and at Viborg, in Jutland, he was briefly confined in his order?s priory. From his prison he preached to the people assembled outside until his prior lent him the pulpit of the church. Soon, Tausen joined with citizens of Viborg in securing a local church for services that included hymns sung in Danish rather than in Latin. The manuals for church services that he published were of great importance in creating a Reformed liturgy in Denmark. Having left his order, in 1526 he was made a Lutheran chaplain by King Frederick I.

      Tausen was transferred to Copenhagen in 1529 and rapidly furthered the Reformation as well as his own reputation as a preacher. After the death of Frederick I in 1533, however, he was accused of blasphemy by Bishop Joachim Rønnow and expelled from the dioceses of Sjaelland and Skåne. The citizens then rose in arms against the bishop, who might have been murdered but for Tausen?s intervention. Bishop Rønnow rescinded his condemnation, permitting Tausen to preach in the diocese on condition that he moderate his tone. After the final triumph of the Reformation in Denmark in 1536, Tausen was made a lecturer of Hebrew at the University of Copenhagen and in 1542 became Lutheran bishop of Ribe. Among his literary works are sermons, hymns, and a translation from Hebrew to Danish (1535) of the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Old Testament.

      Hans Tausen's mindesmærke

      TAUSEN, HANS
      Danish Church reformer; b. Birkende, Fyn Island, Denmark, 1494; d. Ribe, Denmark, Nov. 11, 1561. Of his peasant parents nothing is known beyond their names, Markvard (Marcus) and Catherina. Tausen entered the Order of St. John of Jerusalem and spent his youth in the priory in Antvorskov. Later he studied at the universities of Rostock (1516?19), Copenhagen (1521), Louvain (1522), and Wittenberg (1523?24), where he became acquainted with Martin Luther's ideas. He was transferred to the Johannite convent at Viborg (c. 1525), and there he started preaching lutheranism and gathering the first Lutheran congregation of Denmark. Almost immediately after his expulsion from his convent, King Frederik I gave him a letter of protection (Oct. 23, 1526). During the next three years several Franciscan and Dominican priory churches were placed at the disposal of the Lutherans of Viborg. In 1529 the king appointed Tausen preacher of the church of St. Nicholas in Copenhagen. There he gathered a large Lutheran congregation and participated in the formulation of the 43 evangelical articles produced at the meeting of the Council of the Realm in July 1530. After the death of his patron, King Frederik I (1533), Tausen entered into a compromise with the bishop of Roskilde, Joachim Rønnow, that apparently ruined his reputation among Danish Lutherans. When the Catholic bishops were arrested and replaced by evangelical superintendents (1536), Tausen was passed over, and not until 1542 was he appointed bishop of Ribe. This post he held until his death. His place in the early history of Protestantism in Denmark has earned him the title "The Danish Luther."
      Bibliography: p. rØn, Sciagraphia Lutheri Danici (Copenhagen 1757). Dansk biografisk leksikon 23 (1944) 367?379. m. christensen, Hans Tausen (Copenhagen 1942). w. gÖbell, Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 7 v. (3rd ed. Tübingen 1957?65) 6:662.
      New Catholic Encyclopedia

      Markus Tage Tausen/ Tavsen
      Anna Hansdatter Tausen




    Gender Male 
    Died 11 Nov 1561  Ribe, Ribe Amt, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hans Tausen
      Birth 1494
      Death 1561 (aged 66?67)
      Burial
      Asmild kirkegård
      Agerskov, Viborg Kommune, Midtjylland, Denmark
      Memorial ID 172979995
      Created by: JOHN SVADBIK
      Added: 20 Nov 2016
      Find a Grave Memorial 172979995

      Hans Tausen
      Birth 1494
      Birkende, Kerteminde Kommune, Syddanmark, Denmark
      Death 11 Nov 1561 (aged 66?67)
      Denmark
      Burial
      Ribe Cathedral
      Ribe, Esbjerg Kommune, Syddanmark, Denmark
      Memorial ID 215308428
      Created by: David Peltier
      Added: 7 Sep 2020
      Find a Grave Memorial 215308428

      Hans Tausen
      Birth 1494
      Birkende, Kerteminde Kommune, Syddanmark, Denmark
      Death 11 Nov 1561 (aged 66?67)
      Denmark
      Burial
      Ribe Cathedral
      Ribe, Esbjerg Kommune, Syddanmark, Denmark
      Memorial ID 215308428 · View Source

      Hans Tausen was the leading Lutheran theologian of the Danish Reformation in Denmark. He served as Bishop of Ribe and published the first translation of the Pentateuch into Danish in 1535.
    Buried Ribe Cathedral Ribe, Esbjerg Kommune, Syddanmark, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I17054  Hickey, List, Bundesen, Thomsen, Jensen, Jessen
    Last Modified 30 Mar 2021 

    Father Markvard Tausen 
    Mother Catherina 
    Family ID F6128  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Dorthea Jensdatter Sadolin,   b. Abt 1505,   d. 1537  (Age ~ 32 years) 
    Married
    • Tausen found a diligent fellow-worker in Jörgen Viberg, better known as Sadolin, whose sister, Dorothea, he married, to the great scandal of the Catholics. He was indeed the first Danish priest who took unto himself a wife.
    Children 
     1. Jørgen Hansen Tausen,   b. Abt 1535, Viborg, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Apr 1858, København, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 323 years)
    Last Modified 9 Mar 2021 
    Family ID F6106  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Anna Andersdatter,   b. 1510-1520, København, Københavns Amt, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1570, Ribe, Ribe, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Married 1538 
    Children 
    +1. Dorothea Hansdatter Tausen,   b. 1538, Roskilde or Ribe, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Apr 1601, Ribe, Ribe Herred, Ribe Amt, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     2. Lisbeth Hansdatter Tausen,   b. Abt 1552
    Last Modified 13 Mar 2021 
    Family ID F6108  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Hans Tausen as a young man
    Hans Tausen as a young man
    Hans Tausen (Tavsen) (1494-11 November 1561) was the leading Lutheran theologian of the Danish Reformation in Denmark. He served as Bishop of Ribe and published the first translation of the Pentateuch into Danish in 1535
    ans Tausen was born at Birkende on Funen in Denmark. Very little is known about his childhood and youth, but apparently he was a pupil at the grammar schools at Odense and Slagelse, finally settling down as a friar in the monastery of the Order of Saint John of Antvorskov near Slagelse. After studying at Rostock, where he got the degree of a master of arts and also after being ordained as a priest, he studied for a short time at the University of Copenhagen, and was then again sent abroad by his prior, visiting, among other places, the newly founded University of Leuven in Belgium and making the acquaintance of the Dutch humanists. He was already a good linguist, understanding both Latin and Hebrew. Subsequently, he translated the books of Moses from the original.
    (Wikipedia)

    The theologian Hans Tausen (1494-1561) is one of the definitely leading figures of the Reformation in Denmark. Though, allegedly, the son of a peasant, as a monk at the Antvorskov Monastery he had the opportunity for studying theology at several universities, including Wittenberg where he made Martin Luther's acquaintance. Shortly afterwards he joined the Lutheran reform movement and brought the rebellious ideas with him to his native country. However, in his showdown with the Catholic Church in Denmark he was met with considerable resistance (not least when he married!), but after the Reformation in 1536 he increasingly achieved common recognition before being appointed bishop in Ribe in 1542.

    Wikipedia
    Hans Tausen as bishop
    Hans Tausen as bishop
    Career
    In May 1523 Tausen went to Wittenberg, where he met Martin Luther and studied for a year and a half, when he was recalled to Antvorskov. In consequence of his professed attachment to the doctrines of Martin Luther he was transferred, in the spring of 1525, to the monastery of the Order of Saint John at Viborg in Jutland, where he continued to preach the Lutheran belief, and eventually was allowed to use the pulpit of the Saint Johns Church. Tausen's preaching was so revolutionary that he no longer felt safe within the Order of Saint John, so he discarded his religious habit and placed himself under the protection of the burgesses of Viborg. At first he preached in the parish church of St John, but this soon growing too small for him he addressed the people in the market-place from the church tower. When the Franciscans refused to allow him to preach in their large church, the mob broke in by force. A compromise was at last arranged, whereby the friars were to preach in the forenoon and Tausen in the afternoon. The bishop sent armed men to the church to arrest Tausen, but the burghers, who had brought their weapons with them, drove back the bishop's men. In October 1526 King Frederick I, during his visit to Aalborg, took Hans Tausen under his protection, appointed him one of his chaplains, and charged him to continue for a time to preach the Holy Gospel to the citizens of Viborg, who were to be responsible for his safety, thus identifying himself with the new doctrines in direct contravention of the plain letter of his coronation oath.

    In 1529 Tausen's mission at Viborg came to an end. King Frederick now recommended him to Copenhagen to preach at the church of St Nicholas, but here he found an able and intrepid opponent in Bishop Rønne. Serious disturbances thereupon ensued; and the Protestants, getting the worst of the argument, silenced their gainsayers by insulting the bishops and priests in the streets and profaning and devastating the Catholic churches. A Herredag, or Assembly of Nobles, was held at Copenhagen on 2 July 1530, ostensibly to mediate between the two conflicting confessions, but the king, from policy, and the nobility, from covetousness of the estates of the prelates, made no attempt to prevent the excesses of the Protestant rabble, openly encouraged by Tausen. On the other hand, the preachers failed to obtain the repeal of the Odense recess of 1527 which had subjected them to the spiritual jurisdiction of the prelates. On the death of King Frederick, Tausen, at the instance of Rønne, was, at the Herredag of 1533, convicted of blasphemy and condemned to expulsion from the diocese of Sjælland, whereupon the mob rose in arms against the bishop, who would have been murdered but for the intervention of Tausen, who conducted him home in safety. Rønne thereupon, from gratitude, permitted Tausen to preach in all his churches on condition that he moderated his tone. On the final triumph of the Reformation Tausen was appointed Bishop of Ribe (1542), an office he held for twenty years.
    (Wikipedia)
    Hans Tausen statue in Ribe, Denmark
    Hans Tausen statue in Ribe, Denmark
    A statue of Hans Tausen is located at the Ribe Cathedral in Viborg. A modern monument in memory of Hans Tausen was put up in 2004, the 475th year of the reformation of the town of Viborg. The monument was made by the Danish artist Bjørn Nørgaard.
    (Wikipedia)
    Hans Tausen, born 1494, in Birkende-died 1561 in Ribe
    Hans Tausen, born 1494, in Birkende-died 1561 in Ribe
    I 1894 som var 400 året efter Hans Tausens fødsel blev dette mindesmærke opsat i Birkende. Teksten er: Øverst: “I morgen skal mn retfærdighed svare for mig”. Teksten står i 1. Mosebog 30:33, men er ændret noget i den nyeste udgave af Biblen. I midten: Hans Tausen, Guds ords prædiker. Født i Birkende 1494. Biskop i Ribe. Død i 1561, Nederst: “Ret aldrig hans navn skal i danske herter dø, sålænge her ringer en klokke under ø”. Teksten er fra Ingemanns salme. På Tave bondes ager.

    Kongegrave

    Hans Tausen, (born 1494, Birkende, Island of Fyn, Den. —died Nov. 11, 1561, Ribe), religious Reformer known as “the Danish Luther” for his major role in bringing the Reformation to Denmark.

    Hans Tausen was also called Hans Tavsen
    Hans Tausens Kirke, Hans Tausens Sogn, Odense Herred, Odense Amt, Denmark (Danish Church)
    Hans Tausens Kirke, Hans Tausens Sogn, Odense Herred, Odense Amt, Denmark (Danish Church)
    Hans Tausens Kirke, Hans Tausens Sogn, Odense Herred, Odense Amt, Denmark (Danish Church) Date: 31.05.2006 Photographed by Søren Møller

    From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository


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