Governor of Breda and Lieutenant General of the Cavalry Theobald Metzger von Weibnom

Male 1626 - 1691  (64 years)


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  • Name Theobald Metzger von Weibnom 
    Title Governor of Breda and Lieutenant General of the Cavalry 
    Born 21 Dec 1626  Kettenheim,Kettenheim, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Theobald Metzger von Weibnom
      Governor of Breda and Lieutenant General of the Cavalry

      Automatic translation
      Wikipedia

      Theobald Metzger, Baron von Weibnom , was born onDecember 21, 1626in Kettenheim in the Landgraviate of Hesse , Holy Roman Empire , and died onFebruary 23, 1691in The Hague in the United Provinces . His military career led him to serve the United Provinces as Governor of Breda and Lieutenant General of the Cavalry.

      Biography

      Born during the Thirty Years' War, the December 21, 1626 in Kettenheim, Germany [ 1 ] , [ 2 ] , his parents Mathias Metzger from Hugsweiler and Anne Marie Leppert from Webenheim entrust him to the Pastor of Webenheim who takes care of him and educates him [ 3 ] .

      Around 18, he left Webenheim, and traveled through France and Bavaria , where he acquired some military experience, before ending up in Vienna where he entered the service of Charles, Duke of Lorraine , whom he accompanied to the Provinces. United .

      He enlisted under the flag of the United Provinces on October 18, 1672[ 4 ] , [ 5 ] , [ 6 ] . He was appointed colonel of a cavalry regiment on October 26, 1672[ 4 ] , [ 5 ] , [ 7 ] and distinguished himself in 1674 at the battle of Seneffe, in command of the third cavalry brigade of the left wing.

      The September 23, 1675, he was promoted to general-major. The March 25, 1677, after a stay in Breda , he took part in the battle of Montcassel (April 11, 1677). The September 5, 1677, at the head of three thousand horsemen, he fought against the French in the Bavay region and captured a castle.

      He became governor of Breda on 1 st December 1678, then commissioner general of the cavalry.

      Appointed lieutenant general on 20 October 1683[ 8 ] , he distinguished himself in 1690 at the battle of Fleurus.

      Death and inheritance

      He made his will on February 2, 1691 in front of his secretary and seven witnesses [ 9 ] . In 1691, like all the nobles in the country, he went to The Hague to pledge allegiance to William III , King of England and regent of the Netherlands . Shortly after his arrival at the residence of the Duke of Chamburg, he was struck with apoplexy and despite the attempts of the king's personal physician, he died the same day, the February 23, 1691[ 10 ] .

      By decree dated February 24, 1691[ 10 ] , the king decides to manage the succession while awaiting the settlement of this one, and to render him the greatest honors and to bury him in the great church of Breda. He is buried there on March 19, 1691[ 11 ] , [ 12 ] .

      When he died, his fortune was estimated at 20 million guilders . Single, and without children, he designated by will his brothers and sisters as heirs [ 9 ] . However, these provisions were never respected; the numerous requests of the descendants of his brothers and sisters remained without result until our days [ref. necessary] .

      Having won the lawsuit against the Dutch state before the First World War , the heirs refused at the time compensation deemed too low in their eyes. [ref. necessary]

      A petition calling for the intervention of the French government to the Dutch courts is examined at the meeting of December 19, 1848of the National Assembly [ 13 ] , it is explained there that at the death of Theobald Metzger, the right of windfall was in force, and that the succession was devolved unquestionably and by authentic instruments in full to King William III of England , in his capacity as Baron of Breda .

      Heraldry

      Here is the supposed coat of arms of the Baron, the outline of which is found on his tombstone.

      "Gules with the escutcheon of silver adorned with a sand eagle, accompanied by two lions Or facing each other holding a staff Azure separated by a third longer staff Azure." The references give it without a central escutcheon [ 14 ] , [ 15 ] .

      In description of the tomb it is said: "Three shortened narrow poles, accompanied by two ascending lions, and a central escutcheon loaded with an eagle." [ 14 ]

      In the armorial it is emblazoned: "Gules with two lions facing gold, each holding an azure pole with their forelegs; between the two a slightly longer azure pole. Crowned helmet: three azure poles. Covers: d ' azure and gules. " It is specified that these weapons were registered by Johann Theobald von Weibenum on January 31, 1688 at the "fränkischen Reichsritterschaft, Kanton Rhön-Werra" [ 15

      Wikipedia

      Theobald Metzger von Weibnom
      Theobald Metzger, baron von Weibnom, est né le 21 décembre 1626 à Kettenheim dans le Landgraviat de Hesse, Saint-Empire, et est décédé le 23 février 1691 à La Haye dans les Provinces-Unies. Sa carrière militaire l'amena à servir les Provinces-Unies en tant que gouverneur de Breda et lieutenant-général de cavalerie.

      Biographie

      Né pendant la guerre de trente ans, le 21 décembre 1626 à Kettenheim, en Allemagne1,2, ses parents Mathias Metzger de Hugsweiler et Anne Marie Leppert de Webenheim le confient au Pasteur de Webenheim qui le prend en charge et l'éduque3.

      Vers 18 ans, il quitte Webenheim, et parcourt la France et la Bavière, où il acquiert une certaine expérience militaire, avant d'aboutir à Vienne où il entre au service de Charles, duc de Lorraine, qu'il accompagne dans les Provinces-Unies.

      Il s'enrôle sous le drapeau des Provinces-Unies le 18 octobre 16724,5,6. Il est nommé colonel d'un régiment de cavalerie le 26 octobre 16724,5,7 et s'illustre en 1674 à la bataille de Seneffe, aux commandes de la troisième brigade de cavalerie de l'aile gauche.

      Le 23 septembre 1675, il est promu général-major. Le 25 mars 1677, après un séjour à Breda, il participe à la bataille de Montcassel (11 avril 1677). Le 5 septembre 1677, à la tête de trois mille cavaliers, il se bat contre les Français dans la région de Bavay et capture un château.

      Il devient gouverneur de Breda le 1er décembre 1678, puis commissaire général de la cavalerie.

      Nommé lieutenant général le 20 octobre 16838, il s'illustre en 1690 à la bataille de Fleurus.
      Décès et succession

      Il fait son testament le 2 février 1691 devant son secrétaire et sept témoins9. En 1691, comme tous les nobles du pays, il se rend à La Haye pour prêter allégeance à Guillaume III, roi d?Angleterre et régent des Pays-Bas. Peu après son arrivée à la résidence du duc de Chamburg, il est frappé d?apoplexie et malgré les tentatives du médecin personnel du roi, il meurt le jour même, le 23 février 169110.

      Par décret en date du 24 février 169110, le roi décide de gérer la succession dans l'attente du règlement de celle-ci, et de lui rendre les plus grands honneurs et de l?inhumer dans la grande église de Breda . Il y est enterré le 19 mars 169111,12.

      À sa mort, sa fortune est évaluée à 20 millions de florins. Célibataire, et sans enfants, il a désigné par testament ses frères et s?urs comme héritiers9. Toutefois ces dispositions ne furent jamais respectées ; les nombreuses requêtes des descendants de ses frères et s?urs restèrent sans suite jusqu'à nos jours[réf. nécessaire].

      Ayant remporté le procès intenté contre l'État hollandais avant la première guerre mondiale, les héritiers avaient refusé à l'époque l'indemnisation jugée trop faible à leurs yeux. [réf. nécessaire]

      Une pétition réclamant l'intervention du gouvernement français auprès des tribunaux néerlandais est examinée à la séance du 19 décembre 1848 de l'Assemblée Nationale13, il y est expliqué qu'à la mort de Theobald Metzger, le droit d'aubaine était en vigueur, et que la succession a été dévolue de manière incontestable et par actes authentiques en totalité au roi Guillaume III d'Angleterre, en sa qualité de baron de Bréda.
    Gender Male 
    Died 23 Feb 1691  The Hague, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 19 Mar 1691  The Grote Kerk or Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk (Church of Our Lady), Breda, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I17022  Hickey, List, Bundesen, Thomsen, Jensen, Jessen
    Last Modified 15 Jan 2021 

    Father Mathias Metzger,   b. Abt 1587, Hettenheim Hess, Württemberg, Allemagne, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 or 14 Jan 1685, Hugsweier, Bade Wurtemberg, Allemagne, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 98 years) 
    Mother Anne Marie Leppert/Leppertine,   b. 1587, Webenheim, Saarland, Allemagne, Blieskastel, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Before 1685, Hugsweier, Bade Wurtemberg, Allemagne Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 97 years) 
    Married 8 Nov 1611  Hugsweier, Bade Wurtemberg, Allemagne Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Mariage :
      Date:le 08/11/1611
      Lieu: Hugsweier; ; ; Bade Wurtemberg; ALLEMAGNE
      (Arbre/Fiche)
    Family ID F3901  Group Sheet


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