||George Gordon |
||Marquess of Huntly, and later 5th Duke of Gordon - |
The Duke Of Gordon. May 28. In Belgrave-square, aged 66, the Right Hon. George Gordon, fifth Duke of Gordon, Marquis of Huntly, Earl of Huntly and Enzie, Viscount of Inverness, Lord Badenoch, Lochaber, Strathaven, Balmore, Auchindoun, Garthie, and Kincardine (1684); eighth Marquis of Huntly (1599), and premier Marquis of Scotland j and thirteenth Earl of Huntly (1449); all in the peerage of Scotland: second Earl of Norwich, and Baron Gordon of Huntley, co. Gloucester(1784); Baron Beauchamp of Bletshoe* (by writ 1363), and Baron Mordaunt of 'Purvey (by writ 1532); G. C. B.; Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland, a Privy Councillor, Lord Lieut, of the county of Aberdeen; a General in the army, Colonel of the third Foot Guards, Governor of Edinburgh Castle; a Colonel of the Royal Archers of Scotland; Chancellor of Marischall college, Aberdeen; Hereditary Keeper of Inverness Castle, President of the Scotish Incorporation, &c.
His Grace was born at Edinburgh Feb. 1, 1770, the elder son of Alexander fourth Duke of Gordon, by Jane, second daughter of Sir William Maxwell, of Monreith, co. Wigton, Bart.
He was appointed Ensign in the 35th regiment, and Lieutenant, in 1790. In 1791, he raised an independent company of foot, and in the same year was appointed to a company of the 42d. In 1792 he was made Capt.-Lieut. of the third foot guards; and in Feb. 1793, he embarked with that regiment for Holland, where he was present in the actions of St. Amand, Famars, Lannoi, and Dunkirk, and at the siege of Valenciennes.
In the beginning of 1794, Lord Huntly raised the 100th, afterwards called the 92d foot, of which excellent regiment he was made Lieut.-Colonel Commandant, and accompanied it to the Mediterranean. Leaving it at Gibraltar, in order to visit
England, in Sept. 1794, the Marquis embarked, from Corunna, in a packet which, three days after, was taken by a French privateer. After being plundered of every thing valuable, his Lordship was put on board a Swede, and landed at Falmouth on the 24th September.
He afterwards rejoined his regiment in Corsica, where he served for above a year. He received the brevet of Colonel, May 3, 1796.
In 1798, on the breaking out of the Irish rebellion, he hastened to join his regiment in Ireland, where he was appointed Brigadier-General, and was actively employed against the rebels, particularly in the county of Wexford. In Gordon's History of the Rebellion, it is remarked, that" To the immortal honour of this regiment, its behaviour was such as, if it were universal among soldiers, would render a military government amiable. To the astonishment of the until then miserably harassed peasantry, not the smallest trifle would any of these Highlanders accept, without payment of at least the full value."
The Marquis of Huntly accompanied his regiment on the expedition to Holland in 1799; and was severely wounded at the battle of Bergen, on the 2d of October in the same year.
His Lordship received the rank of Major-General, Jan. 1, 1801; was on the North British staff, as such, from May 1803 to 1806 ; was appointed Colonel of the 42d or Royal Highland regiment, Jan. 7, 1806; and a Lieut. - General May 9, 1808. In 1809 he commanded a division of the army in the unfortunate expedition to the Scheldt. To conclude our notice of his military career,?his Lordship attained the full rank of General, Aug. 12,1819; was appointed Colonel of the first Foot Guards on the death of the Duke of Kent, Jan. 29, 1820; and removed to the command of the third Guards (with which regiment he was connected in bis youth), on the death of the Duke of Gloucester, in Dec. 4, 1834. He Whs invested with the insignia of a Grand Cross of the Bnth, May 27, 1820.
* The Barony of Beauchamp of Bletsoe devolved on his Grace's father in 1819, together with the barony of Mordaunt, by the death of Mary Anastasia Lady Mordaunt, only surviving daughter of Charles fourth and last Earl of Peterborough (and whose great-aunt Henrietta was the wife Of Alexander second Duke of Gordon) ;? and it was unquestionably vested, according to the modem interpretations of the law of the descent of haronies by writ, in his Grace, as it had been in the Mordaunts, and previously in the St. John's, as being successively the heirs general of the first Baron; but it is to be observed, that it hns never been recognised since the death of the first Baron, except indeed by another barony being founded upon it in 1559, when Sir Oliver St. John, then the representative of the Barony of Beauchamp of Bletsoe, was created Baron St. John of Bletsoe, and a new barony (according to modern acceptation), was thus created, which has descended to his heirs male, and is now Vested in the present and 11th Lord St. John.
At the General Election of 1806, the Marquis of Huntly \viis returned to Parliament as Member for the borough of Eye; but be continued for a very short time in the House of Commons; for, on the change of ministry, he was, by writ dated April 11, 1807, summoned to take hisseatinthe Upper House, in his father's English barony of Gordon.
In May 1808, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire, on his father's resignation. In 1814s on the death of Lord Auckland, he was elected Chancellor of the Murisi'liull College, Aberdeen, his father being at the same time Chancellor of the King's College in the same University.
He succeeded to the Dukedom on his father's death, June 17, 1827; and Whs also appointed his father's successor as Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland.
His Grace was appointed Governor of Edinburgh Castle, Nov. 15, 1827.
He married Dec. 11, 1813, Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander Brodie, of Arn Hall, N. 13. esq. Her Grace survives him, without issue.
In politics, the Duke of Gordon was a Conservative, and a more kind-hearted, noble, and gallant gentleman and soldier never breathed'. His death will be universally lamented, but more particularly in the north of Scotland, where his Grace had endeared himself to the inhabitants by an uninterrupted succession of acts of kindness and philanthropy. The convivial powers of this chivalrous peer were well known and appreciated; and he was unrivalled as a chairman at a public din. ner. He was a large contributor to many of our charitable institutions, but particularly to the Seotish Hospital, of which he was President, having succeeded his present Majesty in that office, at bis express desire, on his accession to the throne. His Grace was also Grand Master of the Orangemen of Scotland. His Grace had been for some time indisposed; but the more immediate cause of the Duke's death was ossification of the trachea. On a post-mortem examination, it was found he had also cancer in the stomach. He suffered much; but his noble and gallant spirit supported him to the last.
His Grace's only brother, Lord Alexander, died unmarried in 1808; and the male line of the Dukes of Gordon having thus expired, tbe Seotish titles conferred by tbe patent of 1684, and those conferred by the English patent of 1784, have be
come extinct. The marquirate and earl dom of Huntly, and the precedence of Premier Marquis of Scotland, have devolved on George Earl of Aboyne, the fifth in lineal descent who has borne (I,.it title, which was created by patent in 1660, to Charles younger son of George the second Marquis, the grandfather of the first Duke. His Lordship is also a Peer of Great Britain, by the title of Baron Meldrum of Morven, which was conferred upon liim in 1815. He is now in his 76th year, and does not accede to any part of the Gordon estates
The baronies of Beauchamp and Mordaunt have (alien into abeyance, between his four surviving sisters and his nephew. These are: 1. Charlotte Duchess of Richmond; 2. Lady Madelina Fyshe Palmer; 3. George Viscount Manjeville; 4 Louisa Marchioness of Cornwallis; and 5. Georgiana Duchess of Bedford. Between these parties and their families the representation will be widely spread, unless the Crown should please to terminate the abeyance in favour of any of the coheirs.
Gordon Castle and very considerable estates, have devolved on the Duke of Richmond, who will succeed to about .£30,000 a year, after so much land is sold as will clear off all incumbrances on the estates. Kinrara, Glenfiddicb, and j£2,OOO a year come to his Grace's mother, the Duchess dowager, the Duke of Gordon's eldest sister. The Duchess of Gordon is to have the house in Bclgrave-square, and Huntly Lodge in Aberdeen, which the late Duke occupied before his father's death, 80.000/. in money, and 5000/. a year for life. His Grace, among other liberal bequests, has left 200f a year to his private servant, and lesser sums to others of his domestics.
The remains of the Duke of Gordon were removed on the 1st June from his Grace's residence in Belgrave-square, to Greenwich, where the body was taken on board a steamer, to be conveyed to Scotland for interment. The procession moved in the following order: Undertaker's men on horseback, two and two. The third regiment of Foot Guards fof which the deceased was Colonel), tbe bund playing the " dead march" in Saul. The coronet on a crimson velvet cushion, carried by a page on horseback The hearse drawn by eight horses. Eight mourning coaches, drawn by six horses, containing friends and domestics. His Majesty's private carriage, drawn by six black horses, the servants in full state liveries. Her Majesty's private carriage, drawn by six white horses. Six other of the royal carriages, each drawn by six horses. The carriages of the Duchess of Kent, the Duke of Cumberland, and other branches of the Royal Family, drawn by two horses each. Detachments of the Foot Guards with arms reversed. A long train of carriages of the principal nobility and gentry. The steamer arrived at Sptymouth on Monday 6th June; the body was conveyed to Gordon Castle, where it lay in state until the following Friday, and was on that day deposited in the family vault in Elgin cathedral. The Duke of Richmond attended as chief mourner, and was accompanied by the Marquis of Tweeddale, Lord Arthur Lennox, Lord Loughborough, Lord Ramsay, the Hon. W. Gordon, M.P. Capt. C. Gordon, Mr. Brodie, of Brodie, Mr. Buillie, of Dockfour, John Innes, esq. &c. the Principal and Professors of Marischall college, Aberdeen, the magisterial officers of the town and county of Elgin, &c. &c. The Duchess of Gordon, Lady Sophia Lennox, and Mrs. Patillo, were also present. A portrait of the Duke of Gordon was painted by the late John Jackson, R.A., and an engraving from it in mezzotinto, by H. Meyer, was published in 1812; a later portrait by Miss Huntly is engraved in mezzotinto by C. Turner, A. R. A.
Transcribed from 'The Gentleman's Magazine 1836
||Maleny Pioneers & Neighbouring Districts
||4 Jun 2011 |