Paul Austin  Elder

Paul Austin Elder

Male 1894 - 1972  (78 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Paul Austin  ElderPaul Austin Elder was born 1894, Nz (son of Austin Alison Elder and Josephine Neville O'Meara); died 11 Jun 1972, Masterton, New Zealand..

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Austin Alison  ElderAustin Alison Elder was born 29 Dec 1864, Hampstead, London, England (son of Alexander Lang Elder and Mary Eliza Austin); died 3 Feb 1896, Te Nui, Wairapara, New Zealand.

    Notes:

    1871 Census.
    Carlile House, St John's Hampstead London.

    Alexander L Elder, head, married, 55 years, Australian Merchant, born Scotland.
    Mary E Elder, married, 40 years, born in Surrey, Peckham.
    Mary Ann Elder, daughter, 22 years, born in South Australia.
    William G. Elder, son, 20 years, Undergraduate, born South Australia.
    John Alexander Elder, son, 18 years, Undergraduate, born South Australia.
    Adelaide L Elder, daughter, 16 years, scholar, born Scotland.
    Minnie Elder, daughter, 13 years, scholar, born Middlesex Paddington.
    Margaret J. Elder, daughter, 10 years, scholar, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    Lillian Elder, daughter, 7 years, scholar, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    Austin E Elder, son, 6 years, scholar, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    Alexander L Elder, son, 5 years, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    Malcolm B Elder, son, 1 year, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    One Cook.
    One Housemaid.
    One Kitchen maid.
    One Nurse.
    One Page.

    (Research):Biography :

    Austin Alison Elder, was born in 1864. His sister Margarett described him as

    one of the best and most unselfish men, she ever knew and such dear. Here was an upright and honourable man and true gentleman in every sense of the word. He was not clever and did not make a big splash, just straight and true.

    He was very good at sport, particularly tennis and football. He went to Langdale before he was 20 and the clearest picture of him comes from the writings in the Langdale Budget, which have been quoted in the section describing the Elders at Langdale. He had a wonderful sense of humour, and always saw the bright side of any misadventure. He showed great responsibility in his management of the property and clearly understood the realities of farming in the early days of British settlement in the Wairarapa.

    It is not known how he met his wife, Josephine O'Meara, but they married in the mid-1880's and had six children. He did not tell his father about his marriage beforehand and the family were not pleased. Austin did not have long to enjoy his family as hee died of pneumonia in 1896, at Langdale. His funeral was held at Tinui, with his friend and neighbour, the Reverend J. C. Andrew presiding. The family in England sent a beautiful granite headstone from his native Scotland for his grave in the Masterton Cemetery, and gifts of church vessels for the Church in Tinui as a memorial. The local newspaper reported the sadness of the community at the loss of the Laird of Langdale. They reported that he was kind and courteous and ever ready to share with others. He had a host of friends and no enemies. He was highly educated and intelligent but was at home in all circles with a quiet and unpretentious manner. The community universally regretted the loss of so valued at a settler and neighbour. If he had lived longer things might have been very different for Josephine and the children.

    After Austin's death, Josephine lived in Masterton until she took the children to England for a short period in the 1890s in an unsuccessful attempt to obtain Austin's inheritance for herself and children. The will of her father-in-law Alexander Lang stated that his children, (but not children or heirs) were entitled to inherit a share of his estate. As Austin died prematurely, Josephine and the six children were left with no income from that source. They did have money to live on from Austin's estate, and this was managed by Chapman and Tripp, Solicitors of Willington. When they arrived in England, they stayed with Austin's mother, Mary Eliza Elder, and sister Margarett Joanna, at Delamere in Surrey. Margarett remembered them racing over the lawn in bare feet, and how much she enjoyed tucking them into bed. Josephine's task to bring up six small children on her own was a daunting one and Austin's sister, Adelaide Lashbrooke Hogg, offered to look after the youngest, Alison. Josephine took Alison to her and then moved into a flat in west Kensington with the other children and the elder boys attended Colet Court, which is the prep school for St Pauls School. Their grandmother, support them financially at this time. When they left the headmaster said they had been good boys and credible pupils. Alison was parted from her brothers and sisters all the time they were in England staying either with her aunt Adelaide or her grandmother. It is not certain whether she returned to New Zealand with the others in 1901 or later, there is evidence that she crossed the equator on the SS Papanui on the 29th of December 1907.

    Austin's sister, Margaret Joanna was the only relation who consistantly helped them. She paid for the children's education and was very generous to her nieces and nephews throughout her life and her philosophy is very evident in the following letter which you wrote to Una Elder, wife of her nephew Kenyon.

    Don't let Ken be worried if you write to me whenever you are anxious (or not) about him. I do like to hear how you are and how things are going generally with you and if you are in need of a little help to tide you over times that are not so good. Surely if anyone needs sympathy now and again, it is a good steady worker like him. I have been left so comfortably off myself that I am only too thankful to share with those who are less well off than I am, and there are a few among my 20 nephews and nieces who are glad of a helping hand at times. I have never had to go without any thing that I needed in fact, I have always had more than I ever wanted and I must confess to having been spoilt all my life.

    Perhaps the greatest contribution to her fatherless nieces and nephews came from her letters to them when she tried to tell them as much as she could about Austin and the Elder family. As she wrote to her niece Alison.

    If I can be a sort of vent or relief in your father's daughter. I shall only be too glad.

    Her interest in her nieces and nephews and their children were very genuine and many still treasure the books and gifts she sent. They were able to repay her kindest in the war when Alison, Boo and Ken all sent food parcels to her.

    Austin's aunt Mima Constance Patey left money for Kenyon in her will. The will of Sir Thomas Elder left part of his estate to his nieces and nephews without including their heirs. So once again, Josephine and children missed out.

    On their return to New Zealand, the family lived at Masterton for a short while and then moved to 66 Aurora Terrace, Wellington, which was the family home until Josephine moved into a flat in Brooklyn Rd Wellington in her old age. They also owned a property at Upper Hutt, which they apparently rented out, except when the family spent holidays there. Family photos showed that they owned the property at Upper Hutt aas early as 1908, and they did not sell it before 1923. The tenants and the property itself were a constant source of worry to the family as evidence in letters between Ken, Paul and their mother in 1923 Ken wrote Paul.

    You'll be a hero, if you dispose of the Upper Hutt place. You will never get thousand pounds, it has gone back so much of the house and plant (fowl houses) are none the better after all these years. No practical farmer except a poultry man would look at it. It seems to me that the best thing would be to get in touch with men, like the military man opposite, and give him a commission if he gets a friend to buy it.

    Their happiest times were at 66 Aurora Terrace before the first world war.

    Austin married Josephine Neville O'Meara 25 Sep 1886, Wellington, New Zealand.. Josephine was born Abt 1865, Dublin, Ireland; died 1935, Wellington, New Zealand.. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Josephine Neville  O'MearaJosephine Neville O'Meara was born Abt 1865, Dublin, Ireland; died 1935, Wellington, New Zealand..

    Other Events:

    • Residence: 1915, 66 Aurora Terrace, Wellington, Nz.

    Notes:

    (Research):1901 Census,
    10 Fitsy George Avenue, Fulham, London.

    Josephine Elder, Head, Widow, 38yrs, Living on own means, born Ireland.
    Mary? A Elder, Dau, 12yrs, born New Zealand..............(should be Ursula)
    Harriett A Elder, Dau, 8yrs, born New Zealand..............(should be Hortense)
    Roderick A Elder, Son, born New Zealand.
    Kenyon A Elder, Son, 10yrs, born New Zealand.
    Paul A Elder, Son, 6yrs, born New Zealand.

    Children:
    1. Ursula Austin (Boo) Elder was born 30 Jul 1888, Marton, Rangitikei, New Zealand.; died 13 Jul 1974, Dannevirke, New Zealand.
    2. Roderick Austin (Rae) Elder was born 1889, Masterton, New Zealand.; died 11 May 1963, Auckland, New Zealand..
    3. Kenyon Austin (Ken) Elder was born 6 Dec 1890, Wellington, New Zealand.; died Jun 1958, Old Maleny Hospital, Maleny, Queensland.; was buried Plaque in Peachester Cemetery.2005., Cremated MT Gravatt Brisbane Queensland..
    4. Hortense Austin (Hoani) Elder was born 9 Aug 1892, Greytown, New Zealand.; died 17 Nov 1984, Fielding, New Zealand..
    5. 1. Paul Austin Elder was born 1894, Nz; died 11 Jun 1972, Masterton, New Zealand..
    6. Alison Enid Austin Elder was born 15 Nov 1895, Te Nui, Wairapara, New Zealand; died 9 Oct 1974, Christchurch, New Zealand..


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Alexander Lang Elder was born 18 Apr 1815, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; was christened 11 May 1815, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland (son of George Elder and Joanna Haddow Lang); died 5 Sep 1885, Kensington, London.

    Other Events:

    • Residence: 1861; Carlile House
    • Occupation: 1861-1881, London; Australian Merchant
    • Residence: 1881; Campden House, Kensington, London.

    Notes:

    ELDER, WILLIAM (1813-1882), ALEXANDER LANG (1815-1885), GEORGE (1816-1897), businessmen, and Sir THOMAS (1818-1897), businessman, pastoralist and public benefactor, were born on 25 March 1813, 18 April 1815, 17 November 1816 and 5 August 1818 in Kirkcaldy, Scotland, sons of George Elder, merchant and shipowner, and his wife Joanna Haddow, née Lang. In 1839 the family decided to extend its business to the new province of South Australia and accordingly Alexander sailed as sole passenger in his father's schooner Minerva, 89 tons, with a cargo of rum, whisky, brandy, tar, fish, biscuits, tinware, gunpowder, agricultural machinery and seed, with which to establish himself. He advertised as a general and commission agent and dispatched the Minerva for regular trading between Adelaide and Launceston. He survived the depression in 1841-43 and expanded his activities; he bought pasture lands, established a gasworks and acted as agent for shipping companies and men on the land. When copper was discovered at Kapunda in 1842 he set up as a metal-broker.
    William, a sea captain, visited Adelaide in 1840 when he brought out 183 Scottish and Irish migrants. The passengers acclaimed his 'gentlemanly deportment … perfect self command and good temper under the most trying circumstances'. He returned to Adelaide in 1844 with his wife, née Malcolm, to join the family business. By 1849, when George joined them in Adelaide after some years in Canada, business was thriving. Alexander was a justice of the peace, director of the Savings Bank and the Adelaide Auction Co., and trustee and treasurer of the Church of Scotland. In July 1851 he was elected for West Adelaide to the Legislative Council where he battled against state aid for religion and against a nominated rather than an elected upper house for parliament. In Adelaide on 8 April 1847 he had married Mary Eliza, the daughter of Rev. John Baptist Austin, a Congregational minister. On 30 March 1853 he resigned from the council and with his wife and children left South Australia. He settled in London in 1855. There he acted as agent for the Adelaide firm until 1884 when with two sons he established A. L. Elder & Co. Much of his trade was with New Zealand where he owned land at Langdale near Masterton and where three sons migrated. Alexander died in London on 5 September 1885 survived by seven sons and five daughters. He left an estate in South Australia worth £317,000 and was well remembered in the colony for his integrity, drive and common sense.
    William left South Australia soon after Alexander and retired in Scotland. He died at Cannes in April 1882, survived by his wife. George, 'handsome, with charming manners and the cleverest of the brothers', was chairman of the Chamber of Commerce in 1852 and 1855. A popular speaker, he was urged to enter parliament but refused. He took a great interest in Chalmers Church and laid its foundation stone. He left South Australia in 1855 to live in Scotland, where he was chairman of the North Ayrshire Liberal Association, a deputy-lieutenant of Ayrshire and director of many companies. He died at Knock Castle, Largs, Ayrshire, in July 1897, aged 81.
    Thomas migrated to Adelaide in 1854 and worked for a year with George. He then formed a partnership with Edward Stirling, Robert Barr Smith and John Taylor: Elder, Stirling & Co. In 1856 Barr Smith married Thomas's sister Joanna. She became Adelaide's most renowned hostess but Thomas always lived quietly and never married. Elder, Stirling & Co. financed in 1859 the Wallaroo and Moonta Copper Mines which, after initial risks, brought them great wealth. Stirling and Taylor retired and the two remaining partners formed Elder Smith & Co. which became one of the world's largest wool-selling firms. While still active as agents they built up a huge pastoral territory, spreading further and further from the civilized fringe and moving into the untouched wastes of South Australia, Queensland and Western Australia. They tackled the outback problems by spending many thousands of pounds in fencing and sinking bores though their properties constituted a land mass finally much larger than the whole of their native Scotland. Thomas's holdings included Paratoo (3000 square miles [7770 km²]), Umberatana, Mount Lyndhurst and Blanchewater (3000 square miles [7770 km²]) and Beltana (900 square miles [2331 km²]).
    Thomas was an enthusiastic and practical supporter of exploration and saw the camel as the answer to the transport problems of the outback. His first imported batch of breeding camels included three types for speed, stamina and strength; he also brought out Afghans to manage the beasts. From the original 124 camels he bred a sturdy stock at Beltana. A hundred were used in building the overland telegraph line from Adelaide to Darwin in 1872 and they were established as indispensable in P. E. Warburton's 4000-mile (6437 km) journey from the centre of Australia to the western coast in 1872-73. Ernest Giles's exploration in 1875 also succeeded with camels. Thomas financed both these expeditions as well as those of Ross in 1874, Lewis in 1875 and the Royal Geographical Society of South Australia in 1891. He also lent camels and drivers to genuine expeditions of discovery and much land was opened up as a result of his ardent interest in exploration. In 1890 he wrote to Mueller offering to finance a trip to the Antarctic.
    Thomas published in Adelaide for private circulation four pamphlets describing early travels of his own. Notes from a Pocket Journal of a Trip up the River Murray in 1856 (1893) reports his two-month journey in Captain Cadell's steamer and attests to his immediate enjoyment of his new home. Narrative of a Tour in Palestine in 1857 (1894) describes a spontaneous jaunt from Cairo to Mount Sinai and Jerusalem which Thomas made with a party of Englishmen, his first experience of camel riding. His Travels in Algeria in 1860 (1894) convinced him that the French experiment in colonization was unlikely to succeed, while in Notes from a Pocket Journal of Rambles in Spain in 1860 (1894) he confessed after visiting the art galleries that 'picture seeing is more fatiguing than people think'; but he later gave £25,000 to the art gallery in Adelaide.
    Thomas was a member of the Legislative Council in 1863-69 and 1871-78. He attended regularly and his few speeches suggest him as unemotional, conservative, educated, sensible, and, in discussion, short and to the point. His opinion was listened to with respect. He was particularly interested in the waste lands bill of 1866 for which he voted although as a squatter he stood to lose by it, and after 1871 he continually opposed what he considered extravagant government spending.
    Thomas bought Birksgate, Glen Osmond, where he built his own gas plant for lighting, grew bananas in his conservatory, made wine from his own garden grapes, created a zoo and built a tower in the grounds from which he could signal to his yachts as they raced in the gulf. When an overseas ship was sighted he fired a cannon and hoisted the Union Jack as his own shipping advisory service. He began to race horses in 1873 and for ten years competed with varying success. When his head trainer died he sold his racers and concentrated on his stud farm at Morphettville which became one of the best in Australia. In 1878 he was appointed K.C.M.G. and in 1887 G.C.M.G. In 1885 he built a house (later Carminow) on Mount Lofty in Scottish baronial style. He died there on 6 March 1897. His estate was sworn at £615,573 and outside South Australia it probably amounted to some £200,000.
    His philanthropy is everywhere evident in South Australia, not least at the University of Adelaide. In 1874 he gave £20,000 to endow chairs in mathematics and general science; in 1883-97 he gave £31,000 to the Medical School, £21,000 to the School of Music and £26,000 for general university purposes. His will also included bequests of £10,000 to Presbyterians, £4000 to Anglicans for their cathedral and £4000 to Methodists for their Prince Alfred College. He left £25,000 for the foundation of Working Men's Homes and £16,000 to hospitals. A statue is in Adelaide.
    Select Bibliography
    Elder Smith & Co. Limited: The First Hundred Years (Adel, 1940); F. Gosse, ‘Sir Thomas Elder, G.C.M.G.’, Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia: South Australian Branch, 63 (1962); Observer (Adelaide), 13 Mar 1897. More on the resources
    Author: Fayette Gosse
    Print Publication Details: Fayette Gosse, 'Elder, Alexander Lang (1815 - 1885)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 4, Melbourne University Press, 1972, pp 133-134.

    (Research):ELDER Alexander Lang arrived 1840-01-03 on Minerva (2) from Leith [7,9,21]
    ELDER Anne nee MALCOLM arrived 1844-02-21 on Symmetry from Leith 1843-09-01 via Cape of Good Hope [6,7]
    ELDER Capt William arrived 1840-07-07 on William Nichol from Greenock via Dublin 1840-04-02 [7]
    ELDER Capt William, Anne nee MALCOLM arrived 1842-03-04 on William Nichol from Leith via Melbourne [21]
    ELDER Capt, Anne nee MALCOLM, servant arrived 1845-11-07 on Symmetry from London 1845-06-24 [6,7]
    ELDER Edward John arrived by 1846-12-31 [7]
    ELDER G(eorge?) arrived 1848-12-05 on Hooghly from London 1848-08-24 via Plymouth [6,7]
    ELDER James, Amy Ann nee SMITH, 3 ch arrived 1849-06-21 on Sir Edward Parry from London 1849-03-29 [4,6]

    http://www.shipping.familyhistorysa.info/

    Alexander married Mary Eliza Austin 8 Apr 1847, Residance Of Rev J.B. Austin, Lashbrooke, South Australia.. Mary (daughter of Rev. John Baptist Austin and Margaret Young) was born 11 Aug 1830, Peckham, Surrey.; was christened 21 Oct 1830, Peckham Hanover Chapel-Independent, Camberwell, Surrey, England; died 8 Nov 1915, Surrey, England.. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Mary Eliza Austin was born 11 Aug 1830, Peckham, Surrey.; was christened 21 Oct 1830, Peckham Hanover Chapel-Independent, Camberwell, Surrey, England (daughter of Rev. John Baptist Austin and Margaret Young); died 8 Nov 1915, Surrey, England..

    Notes:

    (Research):1861 Census.
    Carlile House, St John's Hampstead London.

    Alexander L Elder, head, married, 45 years, Australian Merchant, born Scotland.
    Mary E Elder, married, 30 years, born in Surrey, Peckham.
    Mary A. Elder, daughter, 12 years, scholar, born in South Australia.
    William G. Elder, son, 10 years, scholar, born South Australia.
    John Alexander Elder, son, 8 years, scholar, born South Australia.
    Adelaide L Elder, daughter, 6 years, scholar, born Scotland.
    Thomas E. Elder, son, 5 years, scholar, born Middlesex Paddington.
    Frederick Elder, son, 4 years, scholar, born Middlesex, Paddington.
    Mima Elder, daughter, 3 years, scholar, born Middlesex Paddington.
    Kenny Elder, son, 1 1/2 years, born Middlesex Paddington.
    Margaret J. Elder, daughter, 6 months, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    One Governess, two Nurses,

    1871 Census.
    Carlile House, St John's Hampstead London.

    Alexander L Elder, head, married, 55 years, Australian Merchant, born Scotland.
    Mary E Elder, married, 40 years, born in Surrey, Peckham.
    Mary Ann Elder, daughter, 22 years, born in South Australia.
    William G. Elder, son, 20 years, Undergraduate, born South Australia.
    John Alexander Elder, son, 18 years, Undergraduate, born South Australia.
    Adelaide L Elder, daughter, 16 years, scholar, born Scotland.
    Minnie Elder, daughter, 13 years, scholar, born Middlesex Paddington.
    Margaret J. Elder, daughter, 10 years, scholar, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    Lillian Elder, daughter, 7 years, scholar, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    Austin E Elder, son, 6 years, scholar, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    Alexander L Elder, son, 5 years, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    Malcolm B Elder, son, 1 year, born Middlesex Hampstead.
    One Cook.
    One Housemaid.
    One Kitchen maid.
    One Nurse.
    One Page.

    1881 census.
    Camden House, Chelsea, Kensington.
    Alexander L Elder, head, married, 65 years, Australian Merchant, born Kilcaldy Scotland.
    Mary E. Elder, wife, 50 years, born Surrey Peckham.
    Alma C. Elder, daughter, 23 years, born Middlesex Kensington.....(should be Mima)
    Margaret J. Elder, daughter, 20 years, born Middlesex, London.
    Alexander L Elder, son, 15 years, scholar, born Middlesex, London.
    Malcolm Elder, son, 11 years, scholar, born Middlesex, London.
    One Housekeeper.
    One Ladies Maid..
    One Ladies Maid.
    Three Housemaids.
    One Kitchenmaid.
    One Scullerymaid.
    One Footman.

    Children:
    1. Mary Anne Elder was born 11 Apr 1848, North Adelaide.; died 22 Nov 1892, Kensington, London.
    2. George Elder was born 13 Mar 1850, Barque "Alpha";; died 20 Mar 1850, Barque "Alpha";.
    3. William George Elder was born 2 Apr 1851, North Adelaide.; died 13 Dec 1922, Hythe, Kent, England.
    4. John Alexander Elder was born 20 Aug 1852, Delamare, South Australia.; died 26 Oct 1881, Davos Platz, Switzerland.
    5. Adelaide Lashbrooke Elder was born 11 Apr 1854, Dysart, Fife, Scotland; died 11 Sep 1930, Kensington, London.
    6. Thomas Edward Elder was born 9 Jul 1855, Porchester Sq., London,; died 28 Apr 1904, Heswall, Cheshire, England.
    7. Mina Constance Elder was born 22 Jan 1858, Porchester Sq., London,; died 1 Feb 1940, Ivybridge, South Devon, England.
    8. Frederick Elder was born 30 Nov 1858, Porchester Sq., London,; died 9 Mar 1945, Norwich, Norfolk, England.
    9. Henry Richardson Elder was born 28 Apr 1859, 7 Pochester Square, London.; died 3 Feb 1937, Havelock North, New Zealand.
    10. Margaret Joanna Elder was born 25 Aug 1860, Hampstead, London, England; died 27 Dec 1944.
    11. Rose Elder was born 8 Jul 1862, Hampstead, London, England; died 20 Jul 1862, Hampstead, London, England.
    12. Lilian Mary Elder was born 9 Dec 1863, Hampstead, London, England; died 18 Oct 1932, Pensford, Somerset, England.
    13. 2. Austin Alison Elder was born 29 Dec 1864, Hampstead, London, England; died 3 Feb 1896, Te Nui, Wairapara, New Zealand.
    14. Alexander Lang Elder was born 24 Mar 1866, Hampstead, London, England; died 26 Jun 1921, Bath, England..
    15. Malcolm Balfour Elder was born 9 Dec 1869, Hampstead, London, England; died 31 Jul 1927, Sydney, N.S.W..


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  George Elder was born 26 Jan 1785, Edinburgh Parish, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (son of William Elder, (Glover) & (Merchant) and Agnes Bain); died 1 May 1868, 'Adelaide House' Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.

    Notes:

    ELDERS.
    GEORGE ELDER (1785-1868), the son of William Elder, merchant, South Leith, had come to Kirkcaldy by 1812, when he had married JOANNA HADDON LANG (1795-1857), dau of Alexander Lang, candlemaker, South Leith, and opened business as a hardware merchant and shipowner in the High Street. He was the father of four sons who established a great merchant house in Adelaide, eventually known as ELDER SMITH & CO.
    In 1839, it was decided at a family conference to extend the business to the newly established colony of South Australia, and, accordingly, his son, ALEXANDER LANG ELDER (1815-1885), set sail from Kirkcaldy on July 16 1839 as sole passenger on the family schooner, the 89-ton "Minerva," with a cargo of rum, whiskey, brandy, tar, fish, biscuits, tinware, gunpowder, agricultural machinery, and seed. South Australia was reached on Jan 2 1840, and by July 1840 he was trading in Adelaide under the title of A L ELDER, general and commission agent at Flaxman and Rowland's store in Rundle Street. By September he had found his own premises in Hindley Street, where he continued until 1849, when he removed to larger premises in Grenfell Street.
    As the Adelaide business expanded, reinforcements in the form of other brothers, and a brother-in-law, were sent from Scotland. CAPTAIN WILLIAM ELDER (1814-1882), a merchant captain, who had first visited Adelaide on June 27 1840, when he brought out 183 Scottish and Irish immigrants from Greenock and Dublin in the "William Nichol," again visited his brother in Feb 1844 as commander of the barque, "Symmetry," 408 tons, and this time decided to stay. CAPTAIN JAMES MALCOLM (d 1865), the brother-in law of Captain William Elder, arrived in 1846 from Bahia, Brazil, on board the "Malcolm," and was appointed the firm's agent at Port Adelaide, and was later manager at Wallaroo. GEORGE ELDER, JNR (1816-1897) arrived in 1849, followed in 1854 by the greatest of all the brothers, SIR THOMAS ELDER (1818-1897).
    As quickly as the brothers followed one another to Australia, so did they leave. Alexander Lang Elder was the first to go, resigning at the end of Jan 1853, and with his wife and three children, settled in London in 1855. There he acted as London agent of the Adelaide company until 1884, when he took his two eldest sons into partnership in the firm of A L ELDER & CO. Captain WIlliam Elder left Australia soon after Alexander, and returned to Scotland, where he became proprietor of 'St Margaret's," North Queensferry.
    This left George Elder, jnr and Thomas Elder as sole partners in the business, which became ELDER & CO. However, this designation did not last for long, for George Elder returned to Scotland in 1855, and settled in Ayrshire.
    The firm then became ELDER, STIRLING & CO. in a partnership consisting of THOMAS ELDER, EDWARD STIRLING (1804-1873), JOHN TAYLOR (d 1865), and ROBERT BARR SMITH (1824-1915), Elder's brother-in-law (Smith had m JOANNA ELDER at Tivoli, nr Melbourne, on April 15 1856). Edward Stirling retired in 1861, followed by John Taylor 2 yrs later, and on Jan 31 1863, the firm assumed its historic title of ELDER SMITH & CO, with Thomas Elder and Rbt Barr Smith as sole partners.
    The prosperity of this new firm was lain during the partnership of Elder Stirling & Co, when they financed Sir William Watson Hughes' (from Pittenweem) newly-discovered copper mines at Wallaroo and Moonta, which, after initial losses, brought huge returns. With this sound foundation, under their direction, and also under that of their successor, PETER WAITE (1834-1922) - from Pitcairn, nr Kirkcaldy, who had come out to Melbourne in the "British Trident" on June 8 1859 - who became Chairman in 1883, the firm of ELDER SMITH & CO diversified into pastoral concerns, and became one of the world's largest wool selling firms, and also had interests in Adelaide Steamtug and Adelaide Steamship Companies. It was incorporated into a limited liability company in 1882, and celebrated its centenary in 1939. [A J Campbell, Editor]
    Thanks to
    http://www.fifefhs.org/Publications/Past%20journal/april1993-4.htm

    (Research):1851 Census
    Elders Brae No 16 , Kirkcaldy, Fife.
    George Elder, head, Mar, 66yrs, Merchant, born Leith.
    Joanna Hadddow Elder, Wife, 56yrs.
    Thomas Elder, Son, 32yrs, General Merchant, born Kirkcaldy.
    Elizabeth Elder, Daughter, 26yrs, born Kirkcaldy.
    2 sevants.

    ________________________________________
    1861 Census
    Fife
    Address: Adelaide House
    George Elder 76 Retired Australian Merchant
    Thomas Elder 42 Son, Australian Merchant
    Janet Jameson 46 servant
    Cecellia Law 31 servant
    Isabella Trail 22 servant

    George married Joanna Haddow Lang 4 Jun 1812, South Leith, Midlothian, Scotland. Joanna (daughter of Alexander Lang., Merchant & Candlemaker In Leith and Jacobina Rae., Of Old Grayfrier's) was born 26 Jan 1795, Leith, Midlothian; died 17 Dec 1857, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Joanna Haddow Lang was born 26 Jan 1795, Leith, Midlothian (daughter of Alexander Lang., Merchant & Candlemaker In Leith and Jacobina Rae., Of Old Grayfrier's); died 17 Dec 1857, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.

    Other Events:

    • Monumental Inscription: 1857, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland

    Notes:

    Monumental Inscription:
    In Memory Of
    JOHANNA HADDO LANG wife of George Elder Kirkcaldy
    B 26th Jan 1795-17 th Dec 1857
    GEORGE ELDER Senior
    B 1785-D 1st 1868 Age 83

    Children:
    1. William Elder was born 25 Mar 1813, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; was christened 16 Apr 1813, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; died 6 Apr 1882, Cannes, France..
    2. 4. Alexander Lang Elder was born 18 Apr 1815, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; was christened 11 May 1815, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; died 5 Sep 1885, Kensington, London.
    3. George Elder was born 17 Nov 1816, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; was christened 9 Dec 1816, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; died 22 Jul 1897, Ayrshire, Scotland..
    4. Thomas Elder was born 5 Aug 1818, Kirkcaldy, Scotland; was christened 1 Sep 1818, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; died 6 Mar 1897, Mount Lofty, South Australia.
    5. Jemima Elder was born 17 Feb 1821, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; died 1846.
    6. Elizabeth Elder was born 19 Jan 1825; was christened 22 Feb 1825, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; died 10 Mar 1858, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.
    7. Joanna Lang Elder was born 11 Oct 1835; was christened 3 Nov 1835, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland; died 23 Oct 1919, Adelaide, South Australia.

  3. 10.  Rev. John Baptist Austin was born 25 Dec 1799, The Town Of Hertford, All Saints, Herefordshire (son of John Baptist Austin and Rebecca Shaw); died 31 Jan 1882, Unley, Adelaide, South Australia..

    Notes:

    Came to Australia 1843
    AUSTIN John Baptist, Matilda (Margaret) nee YOUNG, 8 ch inc John Baptist, My Eliza, Mgt, Ed arrived 1843-12-31 on Augustus from London 1843-09-29
    http://www.shipping.familyhistorysa.info/

    NB:::::
    {There is an error to Margaret Young.......as there is a Marriage of John baptist Austin to Matilda Lashbrooke 1841 London.........Margaret Young died in London and John married again...if this is correct then this shipping entry is an error...and it should be Matilda nee Lashbrooke. The shipping index above has been transcribed by a private group.....so they may have put their own research and presumed the above.}

    John married Margaret Young 24 Mar 1826, St Stephens, London, England. Margaret was born 3 Mar 1804; died 14 Nov 1840, London. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Margaret Young was born 3 Mar 1804; died 14 Nov 1840, London.

    Notes:

    Marriage:
    John Baptist Austin of the Parish of Saint Benets Fink, London, Widower, and Margaret Young of this Parish, Spinster, were married in this Church by Licence. this Twenty Fouth Day of March, 1826.
    By me A. P. Kelly, vicor of Little hampton Sussex.
    signed
    J B Austin, Margaret Young.
    in the presence of
    Edward Ashby
    A E Young
    C Ashby

    Children:
    1. John Baptist Austin was born 25 Mar 1827; was christened 22 Dec 1827, Wesleyan Methodist, Hastings, Sussex, England; died 11 Sep 1896, Knightsbridge, South Australia.
    2. 5. Mary Eliza Austin was born 11 Aug 1830, Peckham, Surrey.; was christened 21 Oct 1830, Peckham Hanover Chapel-Independent, Camberwell, Surrey, England; died 8 Nov 1915, Surrey, England..
    3. Anne Elizabeth Austin was born 25 May 1833; was christened 25 Jul 1833, Peckham Hanover Chapel-Independent, Camberwell, Surrey, England; died 19 Mar 1870, Lashbrooke, Near Macclesfield, South Australia..
    4. Margaret Austin was born 2 Feb 1835; was christened 21 May 1835, Peckham Hanover Chapel-Independent, Camberwell, Surrey, England; died 3 Nov 1894, Glenelg, South Australia.
    5. Edward Austin was born 17 Jul 1836; was christened 3 Nov 1836, Peckham Hanover Chapel-Independent, Camberwell, Surrey, England; died 18 Aug 1915, Glenelg, South Australia.
    6. Thomas Henry Austin was born 1837; died 20 Nov 1856, Lashbrooke, Near Macclesfield, South Australia..
    7. Catherine Austin was born 1839; died Yes, date unknown.


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