Baron  Fredinand Jacob Heinrich Von Müller/Mueller

Baron Fredinand Jacob Heinrich Von Müller/Mueller

Male 1825 - 1896  (71 years)

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  • Name Fredinand Jacob Heinrich Von Müller/Mueller 
    Title Baron 
    Born 30 Jun 1825  Rostock, Rostock, Mecklenburg--Schwerin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • a subbmitted record from a family tree.
      Ferdinand (Baron) Von Mueller
      30 June 1825, Rostock, Rostock, Germany
      The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "International Genealogical Index (IGI)," database, FamilySearch

      Mueller, Sir Ferdinand Jakob Heinrich von (1825-1896)
      by Deirdre Morris

      This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, (MUP), 1974

      Sir Ferdinand Jakob Heinrich von Mueller (1825-1896), botanist, was born on 30 June 1825 in Rostock, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, only surviving son of Frederick Mueller, commissioner of customs, and his wife Louise, née Mertens. After his parents died Mueller was apprenticed to a pharmacist in Husum, Schleswig-Holstein, becoming an enthusiastic and knowledgable botanist. He attended the University of Kiel, 1845-47, where he completed his pharmacy qualification and was awarded a Ph.D. for a thesis surveying the flora of southern Schleswig. Concern about his sister?s health and perhaps his own persuaded him and his two surviving sisters to seek a warmer climate. They sailed from Bremen in the Hermann von Beckerath, arriving in Adelaide on 15 December 1847. Working occasionally as a pharmacist, he devoted most of his time to investigating the South Australian flora from Mount Gambier to the Flinders Ranges and Lake Torrens. He contributed papers to the Linnean Society, London, the German Linnea and newspapers in Adelaide on his findings. He tried farming in the Bugle Ranges with F. E. H. W. Krichauff but soon left because it interfered with his botanical work.

      In 1852 Mueller went to Melbourne where Lieutenant-Governor Charles La Trobe appointed him government botanist in 1853. With J. Dallachy he visited Mount Buffalo and the Ovens River where he reported indications of gold. Alone he went to Mount Buller to observe the alpine vegetation and spent several weeks around Port Albert and Wilson's Promontory before returning to Melbourne. He estimated that he had collected specimens of over half the indigenous vegetation of Victoria. He discovered species earlier claimed to be found only in Tasmania and added new genera to the flora of Australia. He reported on the possible medicinal value of some plants in the treatment of consumption, rheumatism and scurvy, and emphasized the commercial value of the acacia for its wood, tannin and gum, and the Australian manna for its saccharine content. On a second expedition he travelled via the Grampians to the Darling and Murray junction and thence to Albury, Omeo and the Buchan district with increasing hardship and danger in difficult and often unexplored regions, finally reaching the mouth of the Snowy River. He sent duplicate specimens of all species to Hooker, 'the plants being so much more useful in Kew than in Australia'.

      In 1854 Mueller was appointed a commissioner for the Melbourne Exhibition and spent much time organizing an exposition. He was also active in both the Victorian Institute for the Advancement of Science and the Philosophical Society of Victoria. In November he set off for the La Trobe and Avon River districts, where he predicted that the fertility of the soil would enable a large and prosperous population to settle. He climbed Mount Wellington, worked up the Dargo River, went to Mount Bogong and thence to Mount Kosciusko which he ascended on New Year's Day 1855. On his return to Melbourne he claimed that he had investigated 'almost completely the Alps flora of this continent'.

      Mueller was appointed botanist to the North Australian Exploring Expedition under A. C. Gregory. In July 1855 the party left Sydney in the Monarch. They called at Moreton Bay before sailing to the mouth of the Victoria River. After tracing the Victoria River to its source and penetrating the Great Sandy Desert as far as Lake Gregory, they journeyed overland to Moreton Bay, travelling 5000 miles (8000 km) in sixteen months. Mueller had observed nearly 2000 species, of which some 800 were new to Australian botany. After his return to Melbourne, in August 1857 he was appointed director of the Botanical Gardens while still retaining his post as government botanist from which he had been given unpaid leave. He immediately arranged for the construction of an herbarium, contributed his own already extensive collection and began work on his Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae which was published in twelve parts in 1858-82. As director of the gardens Mueller was responsible for exchanging seeds and plants with botanists throughout Australia as well as European and American herbaria.

      The need for a comprehensive systematic survey of the botanical resources of Australia had long been recognized. Hooker and his son Joseph were convinced that the work could not be attempted without reference to the notes and specimens in the collections of Banks, Brown, Cunningham and others in Europe. As early as 1856 the Hookers had urged Mueller to return so that he could combine his wide field experience with the resources of these collections to produce a work on Australian flora, but Mueller insisted that the work be undertaken and completed in Australia. He had long hoped to write a flora of Australia and had compiled much material towards it, but with extreme reluctance he agreed to step down in favour of George Bentham whom he was to assist. Flora Australiensis appeared in seven volumes between 1863 and 1878. This comprehensive survey synthesized the isolated efforts of explorers and amateur and professional botanists throughout the colonies. It went close to Hooker's ideal of a work that 'should last, and ? be a standard for all time'. In the preface of the first volume Bentham praised Mueller's zeal, talent and industry, but these words did little to sooth his professional pride and the wound never healed.

      Among the first to take a scientific interest in Victorian forests, Mueller saw the dangers of indiscriminate clearing of land and advocated the establishment of local forest boards in an effort to provide timber for the future. He predicted the commercial value of Victorian timber in the manufacture of charcoal, gunpowder, tar, vinegar, spirits and potash. Specially recognizing the value of the eucalypts he had encouraged Joseph Bosisto in 1853 to distil eucalyptus oil on a commercial scale, and was responsible for exporting eucalyptus seeds to California, India, Algeria, Hong Kong and elsewhere, advocating their planting as a measure to combat malaria. Always sensible to the practical application of his scientific work, he brought great economic value to the settlers of Victoria, though he made no financial profit himself for the introduction of useful vegetation from other countries.

      By 1868 Mueller was already answering criticism of his directorship of the gardens: 'no foundations exist ? neither are statues erected ? works of art we can call forth at pleasure, while time lost in forming the plantations cannot be regained'. Late in 1871 he lectured on the objects of a botanic garden but his efforts were in vain and in 1873 he was replaced by W. R. Guilfoyle. Mueller remained government botanist and suffered no pecuniary loss but felt the injustice of his dismissal from the gardens; he is reputed never to have entered them again.

      An indefatigable worker, Mueller's correspondence regularly reached 3000 letters a year; he published over 800 papers and major works on Australian botany and lectured on subjects ranging from rust in cereals and the culture of tea in Victoria to an historical treatise On the Advancement of the Natural Sciences Trough Ministers of the Christian Church. He published The Natural Capabilities of the Colony of Victoria in 1875 and the first of many editions of his Select Extra-tropical Plants Readily Eligible for Industrial Culture or Naturalization in 1876. Next year at the request of the Western Australian government he surveyed its forests and coast as far north as Shark Bay. His report, published in London in 1879, advocated independent timber resources for all countries and recommended that Western Australia establish a forest administration. In that year he also issued the first part of The Native Plants of Victoria, a work which was never completed, and the first decades of his Eucalyptographia: A Descriptive Atlas of the Eucalypts of Australia and the Adjoining Islands, the tenth decade of which appeared in 1884. Part 1 of his Systematic Census of Australian Plants was published in 1882 and next year he was awarded the Clarke medal by the Royal Society of New South Wales. His two volumes of Key to the System of Victorian Plants appeared in 1886-88.

      Mueller's widespread interests included the exploration of New Guinea and Antarctica. He argued that Australia should colonise these land masses and published his Descriptive notes on Papuan Plants in 1875-90. He served on the first Australian Antarctic Exploration Committee and devoted much time to it in his last years. He contributed to discussions on acclimatization and continued to introduce fauna and flora to Australia. He also encouraged searches for the remains of Ludwig Leichhardt's party and in 1865 organized the Ladies' Leichhardt Search Committee to raise funds.

      Mueller had become president of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria in 1859 at the time it received its royal charter and became the Royal Society of Victoria. A fellow of the Royal Geographical, Linnean and Royal Societies in London, he was president of the (Royal) Geographical Society, Victorian Branch (1883-96). He was also active in the Melbourne Liedertafel and the Turn Verein, and supported the Lutheran Church and its mission in central Australia. In 1871 he was appointed a hereditary baron by the King of Württemberg, having been granted his `von' in 1867. He was made C.M.G. in 1869 and K.C.M.G. in 1879. He was awarded a royal medal of the Royal Society, London, in 1888 and won many European honours.

      Soon after arriving in Adelaide Mueller had been naturalized. Though fiercely loyal to the British Crown, he was still a German and his European scientific contacts were of immense value to Australian science. He was largely responsible for the international recognition given to Australian scientific endeavour. Much of his work has never been superseded and is a measure of his lasting contribution to botany. He had little private life, his time, energy and finance being devoted to his work. He never married; though engaged to Euphemia Henderson in 1863 and Rebecca Nordt in 1865. Survived by a sister, he died on 10 October 1896 in South Yarra, Melbourne.
      (This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, (MUP), 1974)

    Gender Male 
    Personal 10 Oct 1896  The Australasian, Melbourne, Vic. Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The friends of Baron von Mueller will regret to learn that lies in a serious condition of health at his residence, Arnold street, South Yarra. The baron has been confined to bis bed for nearly a fortnight, and on Monday his condition was such as to cause the gravest concern to his medical adviser, Dr. Buttner. The patient is suffering from anæmia of the brain, brought on by over-work and general debility, and his constitution is in a generally weakened state. On Tuesday Drs. Rudall and Maudsley were called in, and the result of the examination was on the whole rather more
    reassuring than that of the previous day.
    Baron von Mueller had spent a fairly good night on Monday, and the indications at a late hour last night were in favour of another period of rest. Dr. Buttner could not declare his patient as out of danger, but the improvement in tee previous 24
    hours had been so great that he is hopeful of the baron's recovery.
    The Australasian, Melbourne, Vic., Saturday, 10 October 1896 
    Died 10 Oct 1896  Arnold Street, South Yarra, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
      In memory of the late Baron von Mueller
      Will be held, In German, by Pastor Herlitz, at the
      LUTHERAN CHURCH, Eastern Hill),
      On SUNDAY, 18th, at 11 a.m.
      Age, Melbourne, Vic., Saturday, 17 October 1896

      Name: Fredinand Jacob Heinrich Von Mueller
      Birth Year: abt 1825
      Age: 71
      Death Place: S Y, Victoria
      Registration Year: 1896
      Registration Place: Victoria
      Registration Number: 15261
      (Victoria Death Index)

      Name: Ferdinand J H Von Mueller
      Record Type: Probates
      Death Date: 10 Oct 1896
      Death Place: South Yarra
      Occupation: Botanist
      Grant Date: 27 Nov 1896
      Grant: Probate
      Probate File Number: 62/802
      (Victoria, Australia, Wills and Probate Records, 1841-2009)
    Funeral 16 Oct 1896  Table Talk, Melbourne, Vic. Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Baron Von Mueller.
    THE esteem in which the late Victorian Government Botanist was held, was much in evidence at his funeral, which took place on Tuesday. Long before the funeral cortege started the whole line of procession from the deceased Baron's residence, in South Yarra, to the St. Kilda Cemebery, was thronged with spectators. In the burial ground the
    concourse was very great, and in order to prevent a crush, a large space was roped off around the grave so that the officials and those whose duty it was to
    officiate in the funeral and musical ceremonies might be free from restraint. It was noticeble in the cemetery that the majority of those who were
    listerness were ladies, all of whom were dressed in black, and grief and sorrow was plainly to be seen everywhere. Shortly after the appointed hour Mr.
    A. Sleight, who had charge of all arrangements, gave the order for moving. At the head of the procession were the members of the Melbourne Deutscher Turn Verein (all dressed in white, with
    left arm in crepe), accompanied by their band, under the direction of Mr. Harry Weinberg, the instrumentalists comprising most of the leading
    musicians of the Melbourne orohestras. The students of the Field Naturalists Society were also present, the Baron having been a member from the inception
    of both societies. The band played all along the route, the "Dead March" (Handel); Marche Funebre (Chopin), and Beethoven's "Funeral March," Conspicuous in the procession was the standard of the Turn Verein draped, and in the rear
    walked the committee and president. Afterwards came the hearse, and a funeral car covered with wreaths and immortelles. Four mourning coaches
    contained the pall bearers and immediate friends, and then a very lengthy string of carriages, buggies, hansom cabs, waggonettes and other vehicles. His Excellency the Governor and Lady Brassey sent wreaths, as did also the German, Austrian, French, Swedish, and Danish
    Consulates, Victorian Government, German Club, Field Naturalist Club, Possum Musical Sooiety, Deutcher Turn Verein, Sir Arthur and Lady Snowden, the Mayor of Melbourne, Melbourne Liedertafel, the W. A. Government, Melbourne, Brisbane, and Sydney Botanical Gardens (composed
    of Australian flowers), and South Australian Government. The following gentlemen were the pall bearers:-Professor McCoy, Mr. James Panton,
    P.M., W. Australia; Mr. Gipps, R.G.S., of Sydney; Dr. Buttner, Dr. Rudall, Mr. Sasche, M.L.C.; Mr. J. M. Bruce, the president M. Liedertafel, Professor
    Kernot, Mr. C. A. Topp, Mr W. A. Brahe, German Consul, Mr Carl Pinsohof, Austrian Consul, and Sir W. J. Clarke. Among those who were present in close
    proximity to the grave were Mr R. L. J. Ellery, Professor Lyle, Professor Jackson, the Exhibition Trustees, Dr. L. L. Smith, Mr Bosisto, C.M.G., Mr
    Sherrard, Rev. Dr. Abrahams, Mr R. H. Brain, Government Printer, Mr W. Davidson, Public Works, Mr French, Mr Martin, Department Agriculture, Rev. W. H. Lawrence, the Mayors and Town
    Clerks Melbourne, Prahran and South Melbourne,Mr Grimwade, M.L.C., Dr Peiper, President German Club, Mr Marks, Consul for Japan, Dr Rothwell
    Adams, Mr Julius Siede, Viotorian Musical Association, and Mr. St. John Caws, President Geelong Orohestral Association. During the mortuary services the Melbourne Liedertafel
    choir sang, with moch feeling, two part songs"(a) "Evening" (Abt); (b) "Hymn to Night" (Beethoven), and a "Requiem" arranged from a Beethoven symphony by Mr. H. J. King, the conductor. The
    Deutscher Liedertafel, conducted by Mr. Wendlant, contributed "Auf Wiedersehn," and the band played the "Dead March" as the coffin was borne to its last resting place. Pastor Herlitz, was the officiating minister, and he delivered an exhaustive and impressive address on the unselfish character of the man whom they mourned. In the words of Schiller the whole proceedings was a just tribute to a good man, "He that is mean and base
    passes unsung to the grave, but a death-song upraised by lips of affection is glorious."
    Table Talk, Melbourne, Vic., Friday, 16 October 1896  
    Obituary 17 Oct 1896  Prahran Chronicle, Vic. Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Baron Von Mueller, the eminent
    botanist, died at his residence,
    Arnold street, South Yarra, at an
    early hour on Saturday morning
    last. Deceased was 71 years of age,
    and his death, which came suddenly,
    caused much pain to a very numerous circle of friends and acquaintances. Baton von Mueller was born in Rostock, Prussia, and arrived in Australia in 1847. He was formerly in the Government
    services, and recently retired, but
    not from work by any means. As a botanist his name was famous all
    over the civilized world, and he
    leaves behind a record of work that
    will remain a treasure in the world
    of botanical research for many a long day. The Baron was noted for
    his genial and charitable nature,
    which made him beloved by all who
    had the privilege of his acquaintance. The funeral took place on Tuesday last, and was of course largely attended by representative people from many parts of the globe Amongst those who forwarded wreaths were the Governor and Lady Brassey.
    Prahran Chronicle, Vic., Saturday, 17 October 1896
    Obituary 17 Oct 1896  The Australasian, Melbourne, Vic. Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Baron Von Mueller, the great Australian
    botanist, died at South Yarra, on October 10 at age of 71. Born at Rostock in Germany, be was educated as a doctor, but his tastes and inclinations were those of a botanist. At 22, on the death of his parents, he emigrated to Australia, in order to live in a warm climate. He made researches on his own account until Governor La Trobe found employment for him in Victoria as public botanist. His first important trip was into Riverina, and his next to North Australia in 1855 as scientific member of the party sent out, under A. C. Gregory, to look for Leichhardt. The
    party landed at the mouth of the Victoria River, and made their way overland to the Dawson River (in what is now Queensland), which was Leichhardt's last point of departure. Though they did not find the missing explorer, they brought back valuable information about what was then practically unknown territory. Dr. Mueller, as he was at
    that time called, packed his brains and his baggage with botanical treasures. His mission thenceforth was determined.
    It fell to his lot, and his alone, to be the botanist of Australia, the describer of vegetation, the ruling authority on nomenclature.
    Besides travelling through Victoria in all directions, he visited Western Australia, and thus by personal observation got to know the botanical characteristics of the principal divisions of the continent. His "Phytographia Australia", in many volumes is one of the priceless works of the times It and books and booklets lesss comprehensive have brought him commendations from every learned society in Europe. His fame got him his barony from Wurtemburg in 1886, and his eminent services to Australia his title of K.C.M.G. As a describer of plants he has never been surpassed. He knew every species in Australia, where it grew, and what were its properties and uses. He made the world acquainted with the excellence of the eucalyptus. He laboured to introduce the useful vegetation of other countries into
    Australia. Some one credited him with introducing the Cape weed, which was a wicked libel. He gave his soul up to botany, and his labours were ceaseless. Long after he had reached the age when he might have retired on a pension he kept up his observations and his writings. He was working within a few days of his death.
    The Baron was a unique personage-unique
    in his dress, in his pastimes, and in his friendships. He liked to be seen at Government-house functions. He wore all his medals. He attended all Melbourne Liedertafel concerts. When the Government in 1873 removed him from the Botanic-garden, because gardening was not his forte, he felt much hurt. He never set his foot inside the grounds afterwards. He ignored their existence. Yet, from a public point of view,
    the change was beneficial. The Baron was
    allowed to devote all his time to botany, and, under other care, the Botanic garden was transformed from a scientific wilderness into picturesque show-grounds, without losing its botanical character.
    It was a pity he never married. He was
    hard to please, and on the other hand, was fascinating. Marriage would have
    rounded off his angularties and prevented him from displaying little eccentricities. He was better known by his odd habits and manners than by his great achievements. He was fond of reading papers, and often made speeches, but his English was always German, and, therefore, not clear or bright, jns sympathies were as broad as his knowledge wide, and in spirit he was as much an Englishman and an Australian as he was a German. The Baron bad an exalted opinion of English institutions. Several places are named after him?mountains in Australia, a peak in Spitzbergen, a cataract on the Parana in Paragua, and a glacier in the New Zealand Alps. In many respects he was a great man, great in his interests, in his topics, and in his views but he was hard to follow in conversation, and people generally edged away from him. Yet he was constantly seen in public, and very few visitors of distinction had the chance of coming and going without making the acquaintance of the Baron.
    The Australasian, Melbourne, Vic., Saturday, 17 October 1896
    • St Kilda Cemetery, Hebrew "B"

      Name: Ferdinand Baron Von Mueller
      Death Age: 71
      Birth Date: 30 Jun 1825
      Death Date: 10 Oct 1896
      Burial Place: Victoria, Australia
      Cemetery: St Kilda Cemetery
      Page: 383
      (Victoria, Australia, Cemetery Records and Headstone Transcriptions, 1844-1997)
    Person ID I15872  Hickey, List, Bundesen, Thomsen, Jensen, Jessen
    Last Modified 13 Feb 2017 

    Father Friedrich Mueller,   b. Abt 1799, Rostock, Rostock, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Louisa Mertens,   b. Abt 1803, Aschersleben, Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1824  Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Submitted record
      The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "International Genealogical Index (IGI)," database, FamilySearch
    Family ID F5658  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Baron Ferdinand von Mueller
    Baron Ferdinand von Mueller
    Presidential portrait of Baron Ferdinand von Mueller, Royal Society of Victoria, Australia
    Born 30 June 1825
    Rostock, Germany
    Died 10 October 1896 (aged 71)
    Melbourne, Australia
    Citizenship Naturalised British Subject in South Australia and Victoria
    Nationality German-Australian
    Fields botany, medicine, geography
    Notable awards Clarke Medal (1883)
    Royal Medal (1888)
    Author abbrev. (botany) F.Muell.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Sir Ferdinand von Mueller
    Von mueller.jpg
    Ferdinand von Mueller
    Born 30 June 1825
    Rostock, Germany
    Died 10 October 1896 (aged 71)
    Melbourne, Australia
    Citizenship Naturalised British Subject in South Australia and Victoria
    Nationality German-Australian
    Fields botany, medicine, geography
    Notable awards Clarke Medal (1883)
    Royal Medal (1888)
    Author abbrev. (botany) F.Muell.

    Baron Sir Ferdinand Jacob Heinrich von Mueller, KCMG (German: Müller) (30 June 1825 – 10 October 1896) was a German-Australian physician, geographer, and most notably, a botanist. He was appointed government botanist for the then colony of Victoria by Governor Charles La Trobe in 1853, and later director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne. He also founded the National Herbarium of Victoria. He named many Australian plants.

    This image is of Australian origin and is now in the public domain because its term of copyright has expired. According to the Australian Copyright Council (ACC), ACC Information Sheet G023v17 (Duration of copyright) (August 2014)
    (Source, Wikipedia)

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